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招收硕士研究生入学考试时讯:2013年考研英语高分攻略之摘要写作
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  • yaboVip directions:

      read the following chinese text and write an abstract of it in 80~100 english words.

      yueduxiamiandezhongwen,xiechengyipian80dao100zideyingwenzhaiyao。

      其实这类考题只需抓住两点即可: 汉语的归纳概括和英语的清晰表述。所以,要写出一篇高分的摘要,考生应具备两种基本能力: 首先应具备理解原文、掌握全文中心思想的能力;其次应具备用简练的语言将原文的中心思想表达出来的能力。这也正好与《(专业课历年考研招生大纲)大纲》中规定的小作文的测试要点“归纳、概括、表述”相一致。

      yincizhaiyaodexiezuokeyifenweiliangdakuai:

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      【liti】

    yaboVip  directions:

      read the following chinese text and write an abstract of it in 80~100 english words.

      chengshijiaotongwentichanshengdeyuanyin

      (xuanzi《kexuezhongguoren》1996niandi03qizuozhe: zhouganzhi)

      dangqian,woguochengshitebieshidachengshidejiaotongwentijiqiyanzhong。zhangqiyilai,woguochengshirenjundaolumianjiyizhichuyudishuipingzhuangtai,zhishijinshinianfangkaishiyoujiaokuaifazhan,renjunmianjiyou2.8pingfangmishangshengdao6.6pingfangmi。jinguanzengzhangfudujiaokuai,rengganbushangchengshijiaotongliangnianjun20%dezengzhangsudu。muqianquanguo32gebaiwanrenkouyishangdedachengshizhong,you27gechengshiderenjundaolumianjidiyuquanguopingjunshuiping。shanghaishirenjundaolumianjizhiyou3.5pingfangmi,zhishizhongxinquyueyou50%dechedaoshanggaofengxiaoshibaohedudadao95%,quantianbaoheduchaoguo70%,zheixieluduanzhongrifanmang,shifenyongji,youdeluduanchixudusai6.5xiaoshiyishang,zhongxinqupingjunqichexingchengchesumeixiaoshijiangdao10gonglizuoyou。

    yaboVip  weishenmezaidaolujianshebuduanshangshengdeqingkuangxia,jiaotongyongjihairuciyanzhong?qizhijieyuanyinshidaolumianjiyanzhongbuzu。shouxian,woguomuqiandachengshiderenjundaolumianjishangbujifadaguojiade1/3。qici,woguodachengshishiquzhengchuzaicongzhongxinquxiangjiaoquhuakuosanguochengzhong,jinjinianchengshidaolujianshedezengjia,zhuyaofenbuzaixinkaifadeshiquhejiaoqu,xiangduilaijiang,zhongxinqudedaolumianjilvfanerlveyouxiajiang。zaici,chengshifangdichankaifajizhongyushizhongxindiqu,chanshengleguoliangdejiaotong,zaochengdaoluchaofuheyunzai。ciwai,woguochengshizhongzhanyongdaoluherenxingdaowentiyizhidebudaoyouxiaojiejue,chengshixinzengdedaolumianji,wangwanghenkuaijiubeigezhongtanshang、jimaoshichanghetingchechangxiangjiqinzhan,shibenlaijiuyanzhongduanquededaolumianjigengjiajinzhang。

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      yusijiachezengzhangxiangduiyingdeshigongjiaochedeweisuo。ergongjiaochedeyunshunenglidejiangdijinyibucujinlesijiachedezengzhang。80niandaizhongqikaishi,dachengshidegonggongqichejiaotong(hanwuguidianche)xiangjiweisuo,congyunyingxiaolvdaojingyingguanli,congfuwushuipingdaojingjixiaoyi,chuxianlequanmiandeshuaitui。1978~1995niande17nianjian,quanguogongjiaochelianghexianluzhangdufenbiezengzhangle2.5beihe2.8bei,gongjiaocheliangdadao0.62liang/qianren,dangongjiaocheliangdeyunyingsuduyoumeixiaoshi12~14gonglixiajiangdao5~10gongli,xinzengdeyunlibeiyunshuxiaolvxiajiangsuodixiao。90niandaichu,gonggongqichezaijuminchuxingjiaotongjiegouzhong,duoshudachengshicongyuanlai30%xiajiangdao10%yixia。

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    yaboVip  chengshijiaotongjiansheshiyixiangxitonggongcheng,jiyaoyanjiujiaotongxuqiuhegongyingpingheng,haiyaokaolvtudihecailidekeneng,shiyixiangjuecexinghenqiangdegongzuo。dangqianchuxianlechengshijiaotongwenti,qizhongyigezhongyaoyuanyinshi: quefakexuedezhengtijiaotongzhanlveheguihua,zhiligongzuowangwanggucishibi,qianhoushidiao,tourubuxiao,ershouyibuda。youyixiedachengshirezhongyujianshegaobiaozhundedaxingjiaotonggongcheng,chuxianlexuduolijiaoqiao、gaojialuhechengshihuanlu,yiweizhiyougaobiaozhundedaxingjiaotonggongcheng,cainengyilaoyongyidijiejuejiaotongwenti,shijishangzheizhongbanfazhinenghuanhezanshimaodun,yongjiwentibudanmeiyoujiejue,shenzhiyoufajujigengduodejiaotongliang,yinqijiegouxingde“fuxiaoying”。chengshijiaotongshiyigedongtaidezhengti,jinkaojixiangdagongchengbukenengjiejuejiaotongwenti。

      jietifanglve

    yaboVip  diyibu: fenxiwenzhangtimu。

      wenzhangtimushi《chengshijiaotongwentichanshengdeyuanyin》,zhongxincishi“yuanyin”,xiandingcishi“chengshijiaotongwenti”。youcikezhi,benwenzhuyaopouxichengshijiaotongzhisuoyiwentipinchudeyuanyin。

      dierbu: shulicailiaojiegou。

    yaboVip  1) ciwenzaidiyiduanzongshulechengshijiaotongwentidexianzhuang,erzhiliuduancongsigefangmianlunshulechengshijiaotongwentichanshengdeyuanyin,jidaolumianjibuzu、sijiachezengzhangguokuai、jiaotongsheshibuzuhequefahelidezhengtijiaotongbushu。qizhonglunshusijiachezengzhangguokuaishi,haijinyibujieshilesijiachezengzhangdeyigeyuanyin,jigongjiaocheyunshunenglijiangdi。

      2) benwenkeyitongguoxunzhaozhutijuhefenxiguanjianjudefangshiguinachudayi。

      diyiduandezhutijushi: dangqian,woguochengshitebieshidachengshidejiaotongwentijiqiyanzhong。(shouju)

      dierduandezhutijushi: qizhijieyuanyinshidaolumianjilvdi。(dierju)

    yaboVip  disanduandezhutijushi: sijiachezengzhangsuduguokuaiyezaiyidingchengdushangdaozhilejiaotongyongdu。(shouju)

    yaboVip  disiduandedayikeyigenjushoujuguinawei: gongjiaocheyunshunenglidejiangdijinyibucujinlesijiachedezengzhang。

      diwuduandedayikeyigenjushoujuguinawei: jiaotongsheshibuzujiajuleyongjidusaiheshigufasheng。

    yaboVip  diliuduandedayikeyigenjudierjuguinawei: jiaotongwangluoquefakexuedezhengtiguihua。

      disanbu: luolieguanjianci,xunzhaoxiangguanbiaoda。

    yaboVip  diyiduan: jiaotongwenti(traffic problem),yanzhong(acute, serious)

      dierduan: daolumianjilv(the portion of road area / road area ratio )

    yaboVip  disanduan: sijiache(private car),jiaotongyongdu(traffic jam/congestion)

      disiduan: gongjiaoche(bus),yunshunengli(transport capacity)

    yaboVip  diwuduan: jiaotongsheshi(traffic facilities),jiaju(aggravate)

      diliuduan: jiaotongwangluo(traffic network),kexuede(scientific),zhengti(overall),guihua(plan)

      disibu: lianjieguanjianci,geduankuozhanchengwen。

      diyiduanguanjiancichengjuwei: at present, traffic problem is an acute issue for cities, especially metropolis.

      dierduanguanjiancichengjuwei: low road area ratio is a direct reason.

    yaboVip  disanduanguanjiancichengjuwei: a sharp increase in the number of private cars partially causes the road congestion.

      disiduanguanjiancichengjuwei: the reducing transport capacity of public buses stimulates people to buy private cars to some extent.

    yaboVip  diwuduanguanjiancichengjuwei: inadequate traffic facilities aggravate the road congestion and raise the chance of traffic accidents.

      diliuduanguanjiancichengjuwei: the traffic network is built without scientific plan and overall consideration.

      fanwen

      the causes of traffic problem in cities

      at present, traffic problem is an acute issue for cities, especially metropolises. there are several reasons for it. firstly, low road area ratio is a direct reason. secondly, with the reducing transport capacity of public buses stimulating people to buy private cars to some extent, the number of private cars increases sharply, which partially causes the road-congestion. in addition, inadequate traffic facilities aggravate the road congestion and raise the chance of traffic accidents. finally, another important reason is that the traffic network is built without scientific plan and overall consideration.

     

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