yaboVip

招收硕士研究生入学考试时讯:2012考研政治试题教育部标准答案及解析
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  •  一、单项选择题: 1~16小题,每小题1分,共16分。下列每题给出的四个选项中,只有一个选项是符合题目要求的。请在答题卡上将所选项的字母涂黑。

      1.engesishuo: “yingbirenkandeyuandeduo,danshirendeyanjingshibiedongxiyuanshengyuying。goubirenjuyouminruideduodexiujue,danshitalianbeirendangzuogezhongwudetedingbiaozhidebutongqiweidebaifenzhiyiyebianbiebuchulai。”rendeganguandeshibienengligaoyudongwu,chulerennaojiganguanfayudegengjiawanshanzhiwai,haiyinwei ( ) a。renbujinyouganjuehaiyousiwei  b。renbujinyoulixinghaiyoufeilixing c。renbujinyouzhijuehaiyouxiangxiang  d。renbujinyoushenglijinenghaiyouxinlihuodong 【daan】 a

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《makesizhuyijibenyuanligailun》dierzhang,diyijiezhongrendeyishiqiyuanhebenzhiyuanlidezhishidian。

      yishidedingyishi: yishishirennaodejineng,yishishiduikeguancunzaidefanying。dongwuzhiyouganjuehexinliyilai,bukenengchanshengyishide。zhiyourennaocaijuyouyishi,caiyousiwei,cainengzaiduikeguanshijiefanyingdejichushang,fahuirendezhuguannengdongxing。suoyi,gaitidezhengquexuanxiangshia。

    yaboVip  buxuanbcddeliyoushi: xuanxiangb,shizhirenmenzaishijianzhong,zairenshishiwudeguochengzhong,chanshengdelixingyinsuhefeilixingyinsu。xuanxiangc,dongwuyouzhijue,danshimeiyouxiangxiang,yejiushimeiyouyishi。danshi,renshijiyouzhijue,yeyouxiangxiang,haiyouyishide。xuanxiangd,renhedongwudoujuyoushenglijinenghexinlihuodong,gaixuanxiangmeiyouqufendongwuherenbenzhidequbie。

    yaboVip  2.youzheiyangyidaoshuxueti: “90%×90%×90%×90%×90%=?qidaanshiyue59%。90fenkansiyigefei

    yaboVip  changbucuodechengji,raner,zaiyixianghuanhuanxiangkoudelianxubuduandegongzuozhong,ruguomeigehuanjiedoudadianzhekou,zuizhongdechudechengjijiushibujige。zheiliyunhandebianzhengfadaolishi   ( ) a。kendingzhongbaohanfouding b。liangbianyinqizhibian c。biranxingtongguoouranxingkaipidaolu d。kenenghexianshishixianghuzhuanhuade

      【daan】b

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《makesizhuyijibenyuanligailun》dierzhangbianzhengfazhongliangbianhezhibiandezhishidian。

      shiwufazhanguochengyouliangbianhezhibianliangzhongzhuangtai,jiqixianghuzhuanhua。liangbianshishiwushuliangdezengjianhecixudebiandong,shibaochileshiwuzhidexiangduiwendingxing,tixianleshiwufazhandelianxuxing。zhibianshishiwugenbenxingdebianhua,tixianleshiwujianjinxinghelianxuxingdezhongduan。dushishiwubaochiqizhideliangdejiexian。shiwufazhandeliangbiandaoyidingdechengdubiranyinqizhibian。zhibianshiliangbianbirandejieguo。timuzhongsuoshuo,“zaiyixianghuanhuanxiangkoudelianxubuduandegongzuozhong,ruguomeigehuanjiedoudadianzhekou,zuizhongdechudechengjijiushibujige”zheijiushishiwufazhanliangbiandaoyidingdechengdubixuyinqizhibian。yinci,gaitidezhengquexuanxiangshib。

      buxuanacddeliyoushi: xuanxianga,shishiwufazhanguochengzhongdekendingyufoudingjiqixianghuzhuanhuadeyuanli。kendingzhongbaohanfoudingdeyuanlishibianzhengfadeguandian。rushengmingzhongbaohansiwangdeyinsu,zibenzhuyidefazhanbaohanzhemiewangdeyinsu。xuanxiangc,zheishibianzhengfazhongfanchoudeneirong,rushangpinjingjizhongjiazhiguilvshibiranxingde,danshijiageweiraojiazhishangxiabodongshiouranxingde。xuanxiangd,kenenghexianshiyeshibianzhengfazhongdefanchou,shijieshishiwudeguoqu、xianzaihejianglaidexianghuguanxidefanchou。

    yaboVip  3.zaizibenzhuyishehuili,zibenjiaguyonggongrenjinxinglaodongbingzhifuxiangyingdegongzi。zibenzhuyigongzidebenzhishi    ( ) a。gongrensuohuodedezibenjiadeyufuziben b。gongrenlaodonglidejiazhihuojiage c。gongrensuochuangzaodeshengyujiazhideyibufen d。gongrenquanbulaodongdebaochou 【daan】b

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《makesizhuyijibenyuanligailun》diwuzhangzhong,zibenzhuyishehuigongrengongzibenzhidezhishidian。

      zaizibenzhuyizhiduxia,gongrenlaodonglidejiazhihelaodongchuangzaodejiazhishibutongdelianggebudengdeliang。rugongrenlaodonglidejiazhishi3yuan,erlaodongchuangzaodejiazhishi5yuan,qizhong2yuandechaejiushizibenjiaboxuegongrendeshengyujiazhi。makesirenwei,gongrengongzidebenzhishilaodonglidejiazhihuojiagedezhuanhuaxingshi,shuomingzibenjiasuoboxuedaodeshengyujiazhishiguyonggongrenchuangzaode,zheijielulezibenzhuyideboxueguanxi。makesiyanjiuzibenzhuyishehuigongrengongzideguanjianshihuafenlelaodonglihelaodongdequbie。yinci,gaitizhengquexuanzeshib。

    yaboVip  buxuanacddeliyoushi: xuanxianga,“zibenjiadeyufuziben”shizhizaishengchanzhong,zibenjiatourudezibenzongliang,qizhongbaokuobubianzibenhekebianziben。xuanxiangc,gongrendelaodongfenweilianggebufenshi: biyaolaodongshijianheshengyulaodongshijian。zaibiyaolaodongshijianneigongrenchuangzaolaodonglidejiazhi,congliangshangkan,yejiushigongrengongzidebufen;zaishengyulaodongshijianneigongrenchuangzaoshengyujiazhi,zheibufenshengyujiazhishiquanbubeizibenjiaboxuede,gongrenshigenbenwufadedaode。xuanxiangd,zaizibenzhuyidezhiduxia,zichanjiejijingjixuejiarenwei,gongrendegongzishigongrenquanbulaodongdebaochou,zheijiuyangailezibenzibenzhuyideboxueguanxi,tongshizaizibenzhuyizhiduxiashigenbenjiubukenengcunzaide。

    yaboVip  4.2011nian9yueyilaimeiguobaofade“zhanlinghuaerjie”kangyihuodongzhong,shiweizhedachu“womenshi99%”debiaoyu,xiangjifujiecengbiaoshibuman。manhuasuoxianshidemeiguoshehuicaifuzhanyoudeliangjifenhua,shizibenzhuyizhiduxia ( )

    图例图例

      a。laozichongtudejizhongtixian

    yaboVip  b。shengchanshehuihuadebiranchanwu

    yaboVip  c。zibenjileidebiranjieguod。xunizibenpaomohuadeeguo

      【daan】 c

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《makesizhuyijibenyuanligailun》diwuzhangzibenjileizuoyongjieguodezhishidian。

    yaboVip  shengyujiazhidezibenhua,huozheshuoshengyujiazhizhuanhuaweiziben,jiushizibenjilei。zibenjileibiranjiajushehuideliangjifenhua,jiyijishicaifuyuelaiyuejizhongyushaoshurenshouzhong,lingyijishiduoshurenzhiyongyoushehuicaifudejiaoxiaobufen。meiguobaofade“zhanlinghuaerjie”kangyihuodongzhong,zuizhuyaodejiushikangyishehuicaifufenpeibugongzheng,shaoshurenzhanyoushehuicaifudejuedaduoshuren。yinci,gaitizhengquedexuanxiangshic。

      buxuanabddeliyoushi: xuanxianga,laozichongtushizibenjiahegongrendechongtu,ermeiguobaofade“zhanlinghuaerjie”kangyihuodongbushilaozichongtu,,yinweizaiyundongzhong,meiyoutidaofanduizibenjia,zhishitidaofanduicaifufenpeibugong。xuanxiangb,shengchanshehuihuashishehuishengchanlifazhandechanwu,zibenzhuyiheshehuizhuyidoushishichangjingji,doushishengchanshehuihuadexingshi。xuanxiangd,xunizibenshiduliyuxianshidezibenyundongzhiwai、yiyoujiazhengquandexingshicunzai、nengjichiyouzheanqidailaiyidingshourudeziben,rugupiao、gongzhaiquan、budongchandiyadandeng。xunizibenshishichangjingjidefazhan,zaiyidingdechengdushang,shiyouliyushengchanlifazhande。danshi,guodufazhandedaoyidingdechengdutebieshiruguoqueshaozhengfudejianguan,zheibiranhuidaozhipaomojingji。xunijingjibushidaozhifenpeibugongdezhuyaoyuanyin。

    yaboVip  5.maozedongcengzaibutongchangheduocitandao,diaochayanjiuyouliangzhongfangfa,yizhongshizoumakanhua,yizhongshixiamakanhua。zoumakanhua,bushenru,haibixuyongdierzhongfangfa,jiushixiamakanhua,guoxikanhua,fenxiyiduohua。maozedongqiangdiao“xiamakanhua”deshijiyiyizaiyu ( ) a。jiejueshijiwentibixuyaoyouxianjinlilundezhidao b。yunyongduozhongzonghefangfafenxidiaochayanjiudecailiao c。makesizhuyililunbixushihezhongguogemingdejutishiji d。zhiyouquanmianshenrulejiezhongguodeshiji,cainengzhaochuguilv 【daan】 d

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《“maozhongte”》diyizhangmakesizhuyizhongguohuajibenlilundezhishidian。

      maozedongtongzhiyiguanqiangdiaolilunlianxishijidexuefeng,tichubixujiangmakesizhuyidejibenyuanlihezhongguogemingdeshijixiangjiehe,cainengjiejuezhongguogemingdedewenti。timuzhongshuode“xiamakanhua,guoxikanhua,fenxiyiduohua”jiushiyaoyanjiuzhongguodeguoqing,jiangmakesizhuyidejibenlilunhezhongguodeshijijieheqilai,zheiwanchengmakesizhuyizhongguohuadediyicifeiyue,jiejuelezhongguogemingdeshijiwenti,tichulenongcunbaoweichengshi,wuzhuangduoquzhengquandelilun。yinci,bentidezhengquedaanshixuanxiangd。

      buxuanabcdeliyoushi: xuanxianga,tichulexueximakesizhuyililundezhongyaoxing,zhongguogemingyaoqudechenggongyidingyaoyongkesizhuyidelilunzuoweizhidaosixiang。xuanxiangb,fenxiyuzonghedefenxifangfashimakesizhuyizhexuebianzhengsiweizhongjibenfangfazhiyi。xuanxiangc,tifabutuo,kexuedetifashi,makesizhuyidejibenyuanlibixuhezhongguodeshijixiangjiehe。

      6.gaigekaifangyilai,womendangduigongyouzhirenshishangdeyigezhongdatupo,jiushimingquelegongyouzhihegongyouzhideshixianxingshishilianggebutongcengcidewenti。gongyouzhideshixianxingshishizhizichanhuozibende ( ) a。zhanyouxingshi b。fenpeixingshi

    yaboVip  c。suoyouquanguishu  d。yabovipxingshihejingyingfangshi【daan】 d

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《“maozhongte”》dibazhangzhonggongyouzhijingjiyunxingjizhigaigeyouguandezhishidian。

      woguodegongyouzhijingjixingshiyouguoyouzhijingji、jitisuoyouzhijingjihehunhesuoyouzhijingjizhongdegongyouzhidexingshi。yaogongguhefazhangongyouzhijingji,yaonulixunzhaonenggoucujinshengchanlifazhandegongyouzhiyabovipxingshihejingyingfangshi。gaigekaifangdeshijianzhengming,zhiyaonenggouyouliyushengchanlidefazhan,gongyouzhideshiyabovipxingshihejingyingfangshikeyierqieyingdangduoyanghua,yiqiefanyingshehuihuashengchanguilvdejingyingfangshiheyabovipxingshidoukeyidadanliyong。gongyouzhibujinbaokuoguoyoujingjihejitijingji,haikeyicaiqugufenhezuozhi、hezuozhi、gufengongsidengxingshi,zaijingyingfangshishangkeyishixingzulinhuozhechengbaojingyingdengfangshi。suizheguoyoujingji、jitijingjigaigedeshenhua,duozhongsuoyouzhijingjidefazhan,touzizhutideduoyuanhua,gongyouzhijingjideshixianxingshiyidinghuigengjiaduoyanghua。

    yaboVip  buxuanabcdeliyoushi: xuanxiangahec,shizhizaishehuizhuyishehuidechujijieduan,shengchanziliaodesuoyouquanguisheizhanyouheshiyong。gongyouzhideshengchanziliaoshiquantishehuichengyuanhebufenshehuichengyuangongtongzhanyoushengchanziliao,shixianlezaishengchanziliaomianqiandepingdeng。xuanxiangb,suoyouzhidejingjixingshijuedinglefenpeidefangshi。woguoshishengchanziliaogongyouzhiweizhuti,zheijuedingleshixingdeshianlaofenpeiweizhutiheduozhongfenpeifangshibingcundefenpeifangshi。

    yaboVip  7.2011nianjinxingdequanguoxianxiangliangjirendahuanjiexuanju,shi2010nian3yuexuanjufaxiugaihoushoucishixingchengxianganxiangtongrenkoubilixuanjurendadaibiao。zheishiwoguozhengzhishenghuozhongdeyijiandashi,ta ( ) a。genghaoditixianlerenrenpingdeng、diqupingdengheminzupingdeng b。youliyudangzaiguojiazhengquanzhongfayangminzhu、guanchedangdequnzhongluxian c。jizhongfanyinglerenmindaibiaodahuishirenmindangjiazuozhudegenbentujing d。biaomingwoguorendadaibiaodechanshengyuxifangyihuiyiyuandechanshengyougenbenqubie 【daan】 a

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《“maozhongte”》dijiuzhangzhongwoguozhengzhizhidudeneirong。

      genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguoxianfa》deguiding,woguodifanggejirenmindaibiaodahuimeijierenqishi5nian,zi2011nianqi,quanguoxian、xiangliangjirendajiangjinxingxinyilunhuanjiexuanjugongzuo。zheicixian、xiangliangjirendahuanjiexuanju,shi2010nian3yuexuanjufaxiugaihoushoucishixingchengxianganxiangtongrenkoubilixuanjurendadaibiao,genghaoditixianrenrenpingdeng、diqupingdeng、minzupingdeng,zheishiwoguozhengzhishenghuodeyijiandashi。yinci,gaitidezhengquexuanxiangshia。

      buxuanbcddeliyoushi: xuanxiangb,renmindaibiaodahuishiyouliyudangzaiguojiazhengquanzhongfayangminzhu、guanchedangdequnzhongluxian,danshi,timuwendeshi“quanguoxianxiangliangjirendahuanjiexuanju”deyiyi。xuanxiangched,benshenmeiyoucuo,danshimeiyouhuidatimudeyaoqiu,shuyudafeisuowendexingshi。

      8.dengxiaopingzhichu: “jiejueminzuwenti,zhongguocaiqudebushiminzugongheguolianbangdezhidu,ershiminzuquyuzizhidezhidu。womenrenweizheigezhidubijiaohao,shihezhongguodeqingkuang。”woguoshixingminzuquyuzizhidelishiyijushi ( ) a。geminzujujuqufazhandebupinghengxing b。tongyideduominzuguojiadezhangqicunzaihefazhan c。geminzudazaju、xiaojujuderenkoufenbugeju d。jindaiyilaigeminzuzaigongtongfankangwailaiqinlvedouzhengzhongxingchengdeaiguozhuyijingshen 【daan】 b

    yaboVip  【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《“maozhongte”》dijiuzhangzhongshaoshuminzuneirongdezhishidian。

    yaboVip  woguoshixingminzuquyuzizhidezhidushizhongguogongchandangjiejueminzuwentidejibenzhengce,shiguojiadeyixiangjibendezhengzhizhidu。zheishiwodanggenjuwoguodelishifazhan、wenhuatedian、minzuguanxiheminzufenbudengjutiqingkuangzuochudezhiduanpai,tadehexinshibaozhengshaoshuminzudangjiazuozhu,shifuhewoguogeminzurenmindegongtongliyihefazhanyaoqiude。tongyideduominzuguojiadezhangqicunzaihefazhan,shiwoguoshixingminzuquyuzizhidelishiyiju。zhongguozailishishangzhangqijiushiyigejizhongtongyideguojia,geminzuzhijiansuiyouzhanyouhe,youtongyoufen,danzaimanzhangdelishijinchengzhong,rentongzijishizhongguodajiatingzhongdeyiyuan,shizhongshigeminzuguanxidezhuliu。yinci,gaitizhengquedexuanxiangshib。

    yaboVip  buxuanacddeliyoushi: xuanxiangahec,geminzudazaju、xiaojujuderenkoufenbugeju,gediquziyuantiaojianhefazhandechayi,(minzufazhandechayi)shishixingminzuquyuzizhidexianshitiaojian。xuanxiangd,jindaiyilaizaifankangwailaiqinlvedouzhengzhongxingchengdeaiguozhuyijingshen,shishixingminzuquyuzizhidezhengzhijichu。

    yaboVip  9、19shiji40niandaiyihou,zibendiguozhuyishiliyiciyouyicidifadongduizhongguodeqinlvezhanzheng,wangtuguafenzhongguo、miewangzhongguo,danshi,diguozhuyilieqiangbingmeiyounenggoushixiantamendezheiyitumou,qigenbenyuanyinshi                         ( ) a。zhongxiwenhuacunzaijudachayi b.zhongguojingjizhengzhifazhanbupingheng c。diguozhuyilieqiangzhijiandemaodunhexianghuzhiyue d。zhonghuaminzujinxingdebuquburaodefanqinlvedouzheng 【daan】 d

    yaboVip  【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《zhongguojinxiandaishigangyao》diyizhangzhongdiguozhuyilieqiangweinengshixianguafenzhongguotumoudeyuanyin。

      19shiji40niandaiyihou,zibendiguozhuyishiliyiciyouyicidifadongduizhongguodeqinlvezhanzhengdiguozhuyiqinlvezhongguodezuizhongmude,jiushiyaoguafenzhongguo、miewangzhongguo,jiangzhongguobianchengtamendezhimindi。diguozhuyilieqiangzhisuoyimeiyounenggoushixianguafenzhongguodetumou,yuanyinzaiyu: diyi,diguozhuyizhijianmaodunzhongzhong,douxiangdubazhongguo,diguozhuyilieqiangdubazhongguodemaodunshiwufaxiediaode。dier,zhonghuaminzujinxingdebuqubunaodefanqinlvedouzheng,zheishizuigenbendeyuanyin。youyushidanxuanti,bentizhengquededaanzhinengshidxuanxiang。

      buxuanabcdeliyoushi: xuanxianga,“zhongxiwenhuacunzaijudachayi”juedingzhongguohezibendiguozhuyiguojiadeyishixingtaizhijiancunzaizhechabie。xuanxiangb,zhongguojingjizhengzhifazhanbupingheng,zheijuedingzhongguogongchandanglingdaodegemingdaoluzhinengshizounongcunbaoweichengshi,wuzhuangduoquzhengquandedaolu。xuanxiang c,“diguozhuyilieqiangzhijiandemaodunhexianghuzhiyue”zheishidiguozhuyilieqiangmeiyouguafenmiewangzhongguodeyuanyinzhiyi,danbushizuigenbendeyuanyin。

    yaboVip  10.maozedongzai《zhongguogeminghezhongguogongchandang》zhonglunshuleminzhugemingheshehuizhuyigemingdeguanxi。tazhichu: “minzhugemingshishehuizhuyigemingdebiyaozhunbei,shehuizhuyigemingshiminzhugemingdebiranqushi”。zheilianggegemingjieduannenggouyoujilianjiedeyuanyinshi                   (    ) a. zibenzhuyidaoluzaizhongguozoubutong b. eguoshiyuegemingweizhongguotigonglejingyan c. minzhugemingzhongbaohanleshehuizhuyiyinsu d. zhongguoguoqingjuedingzhongguogemingbixufenliangbuzou 【daan】 c

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《zhongguojinxiandaishigangyao》diliuzhangzhongzhongguogemingruhefazhanwentidezhishidian。

    yaboVip  zaijiuzhongguo,zhongguoshehuidexingzhishibanzhimindi、banfengjianshehuijindaizhongguoshehuidezhuyaomaodunshidiguozhuyihezhonghuaminzudemaodun、fengjianzhuyiherenmindazhongdemaodun。zhongguogemingshizaishehuixingzhiheshehuizhuyaomaodundejichushangbaofade。yaojiejuezhongguogemingdewenti,zhiyouzaizhongguogongchandangdelingdaoxia,jinxingxinminzhuzhuyigeming,ranhouzaijinxingshehuizhuyigeming,。xinminzhuzhuyigemingheshehuizhuyigemingyoushihuxianglianxi、jinmixianjiede、zhongjianbuyunxuhengchayigezichanjiejizhuanzheng。maozedongbaxinminzhuzhuyigemingheshehuizhuyigemingbiyuweishangpianhexiapiandeguanxi,“minzhugemingshishehuizhuyigemingdebiyaozhunbei,shehuizhuyigemingshiminzhugemingdebiranqushi”。zhiyourenqingminzhugemingheshehuizhuyigemingdequbie,tongshiyourenqingliangzhedelianxi,cainengzhengquedilingdaozhongguogeming。zheilianggegemingjieduannenggouyoujilianjiedeyuanyinshiminzhugemingzhongbaohanleshehuizhuyiyinsu。

      buxuanabddeliyoushi: xuanxianga, zichanjiejilingdaodejiudeminzhugemingshiyaojianlizichanjiejigongheguo,danshishijianzhengming,zibenzhuyidaoluzaizhongguogenbenshizoubutongde。xuanxiangb,eguoshiyuegemingweizhongguosonglailemakesizhuyi,weizhongguogemingtigonglekexuedezhidaosixiang。xuanxiangd,zhongguodeguoqingheshehuidezhuyaomaodunzhinengjuedingzhongguogemingyidingshijinxingfandi、fanfengjiandezichanjiejixingzhidegeming。zhengquedetifashi,zhongguodeguoqingjuedingzhongguogongchandanglingdaodezhongguogemingbixufenliangbuzou。

      11、daodexiuyangshiyigexunxujianjindeguocheng,gurenyun: “jituchengshan,fengyuxingyan;jishuichengyuan,jiaolongshengyan;jishanchengde,ershenmingzide,shengxinbeiyan。gubujikuibu,wuyizhiqianli;bujixiaoliu,wuyichengjianghai。”xialiemingyanzhongyuzheiduanhuazaihanyishangjinsideshi ( ) a. renyuanhuzai?woyuren,sirenzhiyi b. wuyishanxiaoerbuwei,wuyiexiaoerweizhi c. junziqiuzhuyi,xiaorenqiuzhuren d. younengyiriyongqiliyurenyihu?woweijianlibuzuzhe

      【daan】 b

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《sixiangdaodexiuyangyufalvjichu》disizhangjiaqiangdaodexiuyangdefangfadeneirong。

      《quanxue》shi《xunzi》yishudeshoupian,jiaoxitongdilunshulexuexidemude、yiyi、taiduhefangfa。tiganzhongshuo,“bujikuibu,wuyizhiqianli;bujixiaoliu,wuyichengjianghai。”chuzixunzide《quanxue》,yizaifengquanshirenjishaochengduo,jushaweita。daodedeyangchengyeshiruci,yaozhuzhongzaishijianzhongjileiheguanche,congyidianyidizhongbuduanyangcheng,tixianlejishanchengdedefangfa。xuanxiangb,wuyiexiaoerweizhi,wuyishanxiaoerbuwei。chuchu《sanguozhi·shushu·xianzhuchuan》peisongzhizhu。dayishi;buyaoyiweihuaishixiaojiuquzuo,buyaoyiweihaoshixiaojiubuquzuo。 haoshiyaocongxiaoshizuoqi,jixiaochengda,yekechengdashi;huaishiyeyaocongxiaoshikaishifangfan,fouzejishaochengduo,yehuihuaidashi。suoyigaitixuanxiangbshizhengquede。

      buxuanacddeliyoushi: zheixiexuanxiangdoushiqiangdiaodaodexiuyangdezhongyaoxing,changdaodaodezhutiyaozaiwanshanzishenzhongfahuizijidenengdongzuoyong。xuanxianga,“renyuanhuzai?woyuren,sirenzhiyi”kongzishuo: “rendezhendeliwomenhenyaoyuanma?woxiangjuyourende,rendeziranjiuhuidaolaile。”gengshencengdelijieshi: renshirentianshengdebenxing,yinciweirenjiuquankaozishendenuli,bunengyikaowaijiedeliliang。xuanxiangc,“junziqiuzhuyi,xiaorenqiuzhuren”yisishi: juyoujunzipinxingderen,yudaokunnanshouxianxiangdaodeshiyaokaozijiqujiejue,budaowanbudeyibuquqiuzhuyubieren。erbujubeijunzipinxingderen,yushizongshixiguanyuqiuzhuyubieren,erbushikaozijidequjiejue。xuanxiangd,“younengyiriyongqiliyurenyihu?woweijianlibuzuzhe。”yisishishuo,bayizhengtiandeliliangdouyongzaishixingrenshangerliliangbugoudema?yexuyou,danwomeijianguo。

      12、zhongguoteseshehuizhuyifalvtixishiyiwoguoquanbuxianxingfalvguifananzhaoyidingdebiaozhunheyuanzehuafenweibutongdefalvbumen,bingyouzheixiefalvbumensuogouchengdejuyouneizailianxidetongyizhengti,meiyifalvbumenjunyouyixiliediaozhengxiangtongleixingshehuiguanxidezhongduofalv、faguisuogoucheng,xialiexuanxiangzhongshuyudulifalvbumendeshi ( )

      a. zhishichanquanfa b. shangfa

      c. gongsifa d. minfashangfa【daan】 d

    yaboVip  【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《sixiangdaodexiuyangyufalvjichu》diqizhangzhongyouguanfalvtixineirongdezhishidian。

      bentikaochazhongguotesefalvtixizhongfalvbumendefenlei。zhongguoteseshehuizhuyifalvtixishiyiwoguoquanbuxianxingfalvguifananzhaoyidingdebiaozhunheyuanzehuafenweibutongdefalvbumen,bingyouzheixiefalvbumensuogouchengdejuyouneizailianxidetongyizhengti。xianzai,woguoyixianfaweihexin,yihangaixianfajixianfaxiangguanfa、minfashangfa、xingzhengfa、jingjifa、shehuifa、xingfa、susongyufeisusongchengxufadeng7gefalvbumendefalvweizhugan,youfalv、xingzhengfagui、difangxingfaguideng3gecengcifalvguifangouchengdezhongguoteseshehuizhuyifalvtixiyijingjibenxingcheng。guojiajingji、zhengzhi、wenhua、shehuishenghuogegefangmianjibenzuodaoyoufakeyi,youlidibaozhanghetuidonglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyedefazhan。minfashangfabaokuolezhishichanquanfa、shangfahegongsifa。yinci,bentizhengquedaanshixuanxiangd。

    yaboVip  buxuanabcdeliyoushi: zhishichanquanfa、shangfahegongsifa doushiminfashangfadeyibufenfalv。

    yaboVip  13、renshengmudeshirenzairenshengshijianzhongyabovipzishenxingweidegenbenzhixiangherenshengzhuiqiu,tasuorenshihehuidadegenbenwentishi ( ) a. renweishenmehuozhe b. renruheduidaishenghuo c. zenyangduidairenshengjingyu d. zenyangxuanzerenshengdaolu 【daan】 a

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《sixiangdaodexiuyangyufalvjichu》disanzhangyouguanrenshengjiazhiguandezhishidian。

      renshengguanzhuyaoshitongguorenshengmude、renshengtaiduherenshengjiazhisangefangmiantixianchulaide。renshengmude,huidarenweishenmehuozhe;renshengtaidu,biaomingrenyingdangzenyangduidaishenghuo;renshengjiazhi,panbieshenmeyangderenshengcaiyouyiyi。zheisangefangmianxiangfuxiangcheng,qizhongrenshengmudeshirenshengguandehexin,youshenmeyangderenshengmudejiuhuiyoushenmeyangderenshengtaidu,jiuhuizhuiqiushenmeyangderenshengjiazhi。suoyibentizhengquedaanshixuanxianga。 buxuanbcddeliyoushi: xuanxiangb,shirenshengtaidu。xuanxiangc,shirenshengtaidudeneirong,yebaokuorenshengzainijingzhongfendou。xuanxiangd,shirenshengdemudejuedingrenshengdedaolu。yifangmian,renshengdemudeguidinglerenshenghuodongdadefangxiang;lingyifangmianrenshengmudeyoushirenshengxingweidedongliyuanquan。

      14、shehuizhuyidaodejianshedehexinshi ( ) a。aiguozhuyi b。jitizhuyi c。weirenminfuwu d。shehuizhuyirongruguan

      【daan】 c

      【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《sixiangdaodexiuyangyufalvjichudisizhangzhongdaodejianshedezhishidian。

      daodejianshedehexin,jidaodejianshedelinghun,tajuedingbingtixianzheshehuidaodejianshedegenbenxingzhihefazhanfangxiang,guidingbingzhiyuezhedaodelingyuzhongdezhongzhongdaodexianxiang。daodejianshedehexinwenti,shizhishangshi“weishenmerenfuwu”dewenti。zaigaigekaifangheshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshedexinshiqi,zaifazhanhewanshanshehuizhuyishichangjingjidetiaojianxia,zaigoujianshehuizhuyihexieshehuideguochengzhong,shehuizhuyidaodejiansheshiyiweirenminfuwuweihexin,zheishijuyoushenkedelilunyijuhejianshideshijianjichude。yinci,gaitizhengquexuanxiangshic。

      buxuanabddeliyoushi: xuanxianga,aiguozhuyishizhonghuaminzudeyouliangchuantong,shizhonghuaminzushengshengbuxi,ziliyushijieminzuzhilindeqiangdadejingshendongli。xuanxiangb,shehuizhuyidaodejianshedeyuanzeshijitizhuyi。

    yaboVip  xuanxiangd,rongruguanshirenmenduirongruwentidegenbenkanfahetaidu,shiyidingshehuisixiangdaodeyuanze、guifandetixianhebiaoda。yi“barongbachi”weizhuyaoneirongdeshehuizhuyirongruguanhangailegeren、jiti、guojiasanzhezhijiandeguanxi,shejirenshengtaidu、shehuifengshangdefangfangmianmian,tixianlezhengquederenshengguan、jiazhiguan、daodeguanhefazhiguan。

      15、yu“tiangongyihao”liangduwancheng“taikongzhiwen”de“shenzhoubahao”feichuan,yu2011nian11yue17rishunlihui“jia”,tiangongyihaoyushenzhoubahaokongjianjiaohuiduijierenwuhuodeyuanmanchenggong,zheibiaozhizhewoguo( ) a。zairenhangtianjishuyijingwanquanchengshu b。shixianleyouhangtiandaguoxianghangtianqiangguodezhuanbian c。shixianlezairenhangtiangongcheng“sanbuzou”defazhanzhanlve d。weijinhoujianzaozairenkongjianzhandiandinglejianshidejishujichu 【daan】 d

      【daanjiedu】tiangongyihaoyushenzhoubahaojiaohuiduijierenwudeyuanmanchenggong,shiwoguozairenhangtianshiyefazhanshishangdezhongyaolichengbei。

    yaboVip  zuoweizairenhangtiangongchengdierbufazhanzhanlvedeguanjianyihuan,kongjianjiaohuiduijierenwudejishuyaoqiugao、xinjishucaiyongduo、yanzhengnanduda,duiyabovipshishitichulegenggaobiaozhun。guangdahangtiangongzuozhechenggongtupomubiaofeixingqiyanzhi、duijiejigouyanzhi、huojianlingchuangkoufashehegaojingdurugui、yuanjulidaoyinkongzhi、jinjulizizhudaoyinjiaohui、zuhetifeixingkongzhi、hangtianqifenlidengyixilieguanjianjishu,shenglishixianle“zhunquejinruguidao、jingquejiaohuiduijie、wendingzuheyunxing、anquanchelifanhui”demubiao,weijinhoujianzaozairenkongjianzhandiandinglejianshidejishujichuwei。suoyigaitizhengquedexuanxiangzhinengshid。

    yaboVip  buxuanabcdeliyoushi: zheixiexuanxiangdoushiwoguohangtiankejifazhandebiaoxianhuozheguocheng,danbushitiangongyihaoyushenzhoubahaokongjianjiaohuiduijierenwuhuodeyuanmanchenggongdeyiyi。

      16、2011nian5yue8ri,guojihuobijijinyabovip(imf)zongcaiduominike·sitelaosi·kaenyinsheanerciquzongcaizhiwu,yinfaleoumeidengfadaguojiayufazhanzhongguojiayabovipimfzongcaijirenrendezhengduo。6yue28ri,guojihuobijijinyabovipxuanbu,gaiyabovipxinyirenzongcaishifaguojingji、caizhengyugongyebuzhangkelisidi·lajiade。zheibiaoming ( ) a。guojihuobijijinyabovipgaigejinchengjiakuai b。xinxingguojiadehuayuquanhedaibiaoxingdedaotisheng c。oumeizhudaoguojijinrongjigoudejumianrengweigaibian d。fazhanzhongguojiazuoweiyizhidulililiangdengshangshijiewutai 【daan】 c

    yaboVip  【daanjiedu】benkekaohezaiguojijinrongjigouzhong,qizhudaoxingdeguojiarengranshifadaguojia。

    yaboVip  duominike·sitelaosi·kaen(fayu: dominique strauss-kahn),faguojingjixuejia、lvshi、zhengzhijia,faguoshehuiminzhuzhuyizhengdangshehuidangdangyuan,cengrenfaguocaizhengbuzhang。tazai2007nian 9yue28rihuoxuanweiguojihuobijijinyabovipzongcai。2011nian5yue14ri,niuyueshijingchajuzhengshi,kaenyinshexianxingqinyimingjiudianfuwuyuan,beijiyazainiuyueshijingjubingjieshoujingfangzhixun。dangdishijian5yue19ri,guojihuobijijinyabovip(imf)zongcaisitelaosi·kaenxuanbucizhi。guojihuobijijinyabovip(imf)6yue28rixuanbu,xianrenfaguonvcaizhanglajiadejiangchurenimfzongcai,renqi5nian,zi2011nian7yue5rikaishi。shangrenhoudelajiadenianxinyu46wanmeiyuanchaoaobama。zheibiaomingguojihuobijijinyabovipzhong,oumeiguojiadezhudaoquanrengweigaibian,fazhanzhongguojiahexinxingguojiadehuayuquanyoudaitisheng。yinci,gaitixuanxiangcshizhengquede。

    yaboVip  buxuanabddeliyoushi: xuanxianga,shiguojihuobijijinyabovipgaigetedian。xuanxiangb,congcailiaozhongkeyikanchu,fazhanzhongguojiadehuayuquanhedaibiaoxingmeiyoudedaotigao,rengranshifadaguojiakongzhiguojihuobijijinyabovip。xuanxiangd,fazhanzhongguojiazaizhengzhihejingjishangyidulideliliangdengshanglezhengzhi、jingjidelishiwutai,danshizaiguojihuobijijinyabovipzhongmeiyoushuohuadequanli,yinweiguojihuobijijinyabovipzhongdefuzerendoushiouzhouren。

      yi、danxiangxuanzetidaan

    yaboVip  1. a 2. b 3. b 4. c 5. d 6. d

      7. a 8. b 9. d 10. c 11. b 12. d 13. a 14. c 15. d 16. c

      二、多项选择题: 17~33题,每小题2分,共34分。下列每题给出的四个选项中,至少有两个选项是符合题目要求的。请在答题卡上将所选项的字母涂黑。多选或少选均不得分。

    yaboVip  17.“chenzhoucepanqianfanguo,bingshuqiantouwanmuchun。”bianzhengfarenweifazhandeshizhishixinshiwudechanshenghejiushiwudemiewang。xinshengshiwubiranqudaijiushiwu,conggenbenshangshuo,shiyinwei ( ) a。xinshengshiwuchanshengyujiushiwuzhihou,shixinchuxiandeshiwu b。xinshengshiwujuyouxindejiegouhegongneng,nengshiyingyijingbianhualedehuanjinghetiaojian c。xinshengshiwushiduijiushiwudeyangqi,bingtianjialejiushiwusuobunengrongnadexinneirong d。zaishehuilishilingyunei,xinshengshiwufuheguangdarenminqunzhongdegenbenliyiheyaoqiu 【daan】 bcd 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《makesizhuyijibenyuanligailun》dierzhangbianzhengfazhongxinshengshiwudezhishidian。

    yaboVip  gaishijushitangchaoliuyuxisuoxie。yuanyiweifanfudechuanzhipangrengyouqianqianwanwandefanchuanjingguo;kuweishumudeqianmianyeyouwanqianlinmuxinxinxiangrong。yunyongbiyu,jieyongziranjingwudebianhuaanshishehuidefazhan,yunhanzheli,xianduozhixinshengshiwubiranzhanshengjiushiwu。

    yaboVip  makesizhuyidezhexueyuanlirenwei,shiwuneibumaodundeyundongtuidongzheshiwudefazhan,shishiwuyuanyoudezhuangtaihuoxingzhifashengchengdubutongdebianhua。fazhandeshizhishixinshiwudechanshenghejiushiwudemiewang。xinshengshiwushizhifuheshiwufazhandeguilv,juyouqiangdadeshengminglihefazhanqiantudeshiwu。xinshengshiwuzhisuoyishibukezhanshengde,zheishiyinwei: xuanxiangb,xinshiwuzhisuoyixin,shiyinweitayoulexindejiegouhegongneng,shiyingyijingbianhualedehuanjinghetiaojian。xuanxiangc,xinshiwubijiushiwujuyouwubideyouyuexing。taduijiushiwucaiqu“yangqi”debanfa,foudingjiushiwuzhongfuxiudedongxi,jichenghefayangjiushiwuzhonghelide、jijidedongxi,bingzaicijichushangjiajinlefuyoushengminglidexinneirong。xuanxiangd,zaishehuilingyuzhong,xinshengshiwubixufuheguangdarenminqunzhongdeliyiheyuanwang,fanyingrenminqunzhongdeyaoqiu,dedaoleguangdarenminqunzhongdeyonghuhezhichi。yinci,gaitidezhengquexuanxiangshibcd。

      buxuanadeliyoushi: panbieyigeshiwushibushixinshengshiwu,bunengyishijiandexianhouhexingshishifouxinqiweiliyou,yebunengyineirongdefazhanshifouwanshanweigenju,gengbunengyitabiaomianshifouqiangdaherenshudeduoshaoweibiaozhun。

      18.2011nian4yue,yeludaxuechubanle《makesiweishenmeshiduide》yishu,shuzhongliejuledangqianxifangshehui10gedianxingdewaiqumakesizhuyideguandian。qizhongyizhongguandianrenwei: makesizhuyijiangshijianwanwudouguijieyujingjiyinsu,yishu、zongjiao,zhengzhi、falv、daodedengdoubeijiandandishiweijingjidefanying,duirenleilishicuozongfuzadebenzhishierbujian,ershitujianliyizhongfeiheijibaidedanyilishiguan,shangshuguandianshiduimakesizhuyiyabovipjingjijichuheshangcengjianzhubianzhengguanxisixiangdeyanzhongwaiqu,qibiaoxianwei      (   ) a。bashehuilishifazhanduozhongyinsudezonghezuoyongwaiquweidanyiyinsujuedinglun b。bashangcengjianzhuyujingjijichudexianghuzuoyongwaiquweijixiededanxiangzuoyong c。bajingjizuoweishehuide“jichu”suojuyoudeguigendaodidejuedingzuoyongwaiquweiweiyijuedingzuoyong d。bayishixingtaiduishehuilishishizhongjuyoudejijinengdongzuoyongwaiquweixiaojibeidongzuoyong 【daan】 abc 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《makesizhuyijibenyuanligailun》disizhangzhonglishiweiwuzhuyidezhishidian。

      makesizhuyilishiweiwuzhuyidejibenguandianshi: shengchanlijuedingshengchanguanxi,jingjijichujuedingshangcengjianzhu;shengchanguanxiduishengchanli,shangcengjianzhuduijingjijichujuyoufanzuoyong。xifangxuezhewaiqumakesizhuyidejibenyuanli,jiangshengchanliheshengchanguanxi、jingjijichuheshangcengjianzhudeguanxigeliekailai,bashehuilishifazhanduozhongyinsudezonghezuoyongwaiquweidanyiyinsujuedinglun,bashangcengjianzhuyujingjijichudexianghuzuoyongwaiquweijixiededanxiangzuoyong,bajingjizuoweishehuide“jichu”suojuyoudeguigendaodidejuedingzuoyongwaiquweiweiyijuedingzuoyong。zheixietifazuizuidadecuowushifoudingleshangcengjianzhuduijingjijichu,shengchanguanxiduishengchanlidefanzuoyong。yinci,gaitidezhengquexuanxiangshiabc。

      buxuan ddeliyoushi: shangcengjianzhudeneirongbaokuoguojiazhengzhizhiduheshehuiyishixingtai。congzheiduanhuazhongkeyikandaoxifangxuezhemeiyoutidaoshangcengjianzhuzhongshehuiyishixingtaidezuoyong。

    yaboVip  19.renmenwangwangjianghanyuzhongde“jia”、“zhi”erziyujinyincaibaodenglianxiqilai,erzheiliangzidepianpangquedoushi“ren”,shiyijiazhizai“ren”。makesilaodongjiazhiluntouguoshangpinjiaohuandewuyuwudeguanxi,jieshileshangpinjiazhidekexueneihan,qizhuyaoguandianyou       (  ) a。laodongshishehuicaifudeweiyiyuanquan b。jutilaodongshishangpinjiazhideshiti c。jiazhishiningjiezaishangpinzhongdeyibanrenleilaodong d。jiazhizaibenzhishangtixianleshengchanzhezhijiandeshehuiguanxi 【daan】 cd 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《makesizhuyijibenyuanligailun》diwuzhangyouguanshangpinjingjijiazhidezhishidian。

    yaboVip  makesirenwei,shangpinshiyonglaijiaohuandenengmanzurenmenmouzhongxuyaodelaodongchanpin,juyoushiyongjiazhihejiazhilianggeyinsu,shiyongjiazhihejiazhishishangpinneibumaodundetongyiti。xuanxiangc,shangpindeshiyongjiazhishiyoujutilaodongjuedingde,shangpindejiazhishiyouwuchabiedeyibanrenleilaodong,yejiushichouxianglaodongjuedingde。xuanxiangd,jiazhizaibenzhishangtixianleshengchanzhezhijiandeshehuiguanxi,yinweizaishangpinjiaohuanguochengzhongshiyaoqiudengjiajiaohuande,congbiaomianshangkan,shangpinshiwutihewutidejiaohuan,danshijishangshilaodongzhehelaodongzhezhijiandelaodongshijianxiangjiaohuan。

      buxuan abdeliyoushi: xuanxianga,laodongheziranjiedoushichuangzaoshehuicaifushiyongjiazhideyuanquan。ru,yangguang、kongqi、haiyang,dengdeng,tamendoubushirenleilaodongdechanpin,dandouyoushiyongjiazhi。xuanxiangb,jutilaodongshichuangzaoshangpindeshiyongjiazhi,erbushichuangzaoshangpindejiazhi,shangpindejiazhishiyoulaodongzhedechouxianglaodongjuedingde。

      20.yabovipgongchanzhuyilixiangshixiandebiranxing,makesizhuyichulecongshehuixingtaigengtiguilvshangzuoleyibanxingdelishiguanlunzhengwaihaitongguoduizibenzhuyishehuideshenrushizhengdepouxi,kexuedilunzhengle (   ) a。zibenzhuyidelishizanshixing b。zibenzhuyifazhandeziwofoudingdequshi c。zibenzhuyidejutitujinghefangshi d。gongrenjiejituifanjiushijiejianshexinshijiedelishishiming 【daan】 abd 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《makesizhuyijibenyuanligailun》diqizhang,dibazhangyouguanzibenzhuyiyidingyaomiewang,gongchanzhuyishehuiyidingyaoshixianlilundezhishidian。

      xuanxianga,makesi,engesirenwei,zibenzhuyishehuidejibenmaodunshishengchanshehuihuaheshengchanziliaozibenzhuyisirenzhanyouzhijiandemaodun,zibenzhuyishehuideshengchanguanxishiwufashiyingshengchanlifazhande。yinci,zibenzhuyishehuijuyoulishidezanshixing,zibenzhuyidefazhanyidingyaoxianggongchanzhuyiguodu。xuanxiangb,zairenleishehuifazhandelishidejinchengzhong,gongchanzhuyidegongyouzhibiranyaofoudingzibenzhuyidesiyouzhi,qigenyuanjiuzaiyuzibenzhuyishehuijibenmaodundeyundong。xuanxiangd,zaizibenzhuyishehui,cunzaizhewuchanjiejihezichanjiejidejiejimaodun,wuchanjiejishibeiboxuezhe,zibenjiashiboxuezhe,wuchanjiejidanfudelishishimingshi,biranyaoqilaigeming,tuifanzibenzhuyishehui,jianligongchanzhuyishehui。yincigaitidezhengquexuanxiangshiabd。

      buxuancdeliyoushi: makesirenwei,tuifanzibenzhuyidetujingyoubaolihehepingdeliangzhongfangshi,danzuizhuyaodeshibaolidexingshi。youyutiganmeiyouyaoqiuhuidatuifanzibenzhuyidejutitujinghefangshi,suoyicxuanxiangbuxuan。

    yaboVip  21。congzhonghuarenmingongheguochenglidaoshehuizhuyigaizaojibenwancheng,shiwoguocongxinminzhuzhuyidaoshehuizhuyideguodushiqi。zheiyishiqizhongguoshehuidejiejigouchengzhuyaobaokuo ( ) a。gongrenjieji b。nongminjieji c。minzuzichanjieji d。chengshixiaozichanjieji 【daan】 abcd 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《“maozhongte”》diwuzhangneirongzhongxinminzhuzhuyishehuijiejijiegoudezhishidian。

      1949nian10yue1rizhonghuarenmingongheguochenglidao1956niandesuoyouzhigaizaodejibenjieshu,zheiduanlishishiqishixinminzhuyishehui。xinminzhuzhuyishehuidejianlibiaozhizhexinminzhuzhuyigemingdejibenshengli,zhongguokaishilecongxinminzhuzhuyishehuixiangshehuizhuyishehuizhuanbiandelishishiqi。bixuzhuyizaizhongguobutongdeshehui,jiejijiegoushibutongde。zaixinminzhuzhuyishehui,zhuyaocunzaizhesanzhongbutongxingzhidejingjichengfen,yuxinminzhuzhuyishiqisanzhongbutongxingzhidezhuyaojingjichengfenxianglianxi,zhongguoshehuidejiejigouchengzhuyaobiaoxianweisanzhongjibendejiejililiang: gongrenjieji、nongminjiejihechengshixiaozichanjieji、minzuzichanjieji。zheilibixuzhuyi“nongminjiejihechengshixiaozichanjieji”congjiejishuxingshangfenxishiyougongtongdiande,danshichutirenjiangzheige“jieji”fenkaiweisigexuanxiang。suoyigaitizhengquexuanxiangshiabcd。

    yaboVip  22.jiakuaizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshishituidongkexuefazhandebiyouzhilu,shiwoguojingjishehuilingyudeyichangshenkebiange,guanchuanjingjishehuifazhanquanguochenghegelingyu。zaidangqianhejinhouyigeshiqi,zhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshidejibensilushi,cujinjingjizengzhang ( ) a。youzhuyaoyikaotouzi、chukouladongxiangyikaoxiaofei、touzi、chukouxiediaoladongzhuanbian b。youzhuyaoyikaodierchanyedaidongxiangyikaodiyi、dier、disanchanyexietongdaidongzhuanbian c。youzhuyaoyikaoguoyouqiyetuidongxiangyikaoguoyouqiye、minyingqiye、waiziqiyexiediaotuidongzhuanbian d。youzhuyaoyikaozengjiawuzhiziyuanxiaohaoxiangzhuyaoyikaokejijinbu、laodongzhesuzhitigao、guanlichuangxinzhuanbian 【daan】 abd

    yaboVip  【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《“maozhongte”》dibazhangzhongzhuanbianjingjizengzhangfangshizhuanbianlilundezhishidian。

    yaboVip  cujinguominjingjiyouhaoyoukuaifazhan,bixujiakuaizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshi,tuidongchanyejiegouyouhuashengji。dangdeshiqidabaogaocongdangqiandefazhanshijichufa,jiang“zhuanbianjingjizengzhangfangshi”gaiwei“zhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshi”。dangqianhejinhouyigeshiqizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshizhuyaoyaozuodao“lianggejianchi”he“sangezhuanbian”jijianchizouzhongguotesexinxinggongyehuadaolu,jianchikuodaguoneixuqiutebieshixiaofeixuqiudefangzhen,cujinjingjizengzhangyouzhuyaoyikaotouzi、chukouladongxiangyikaoxiaofei、touzi、chukouxiediaoladongzhuanbian,youzhuyaoyikaodierchanyedaidongxiangyikaodiyi、dier、disanchanyexietongdaidongzhuanbian,youzhuyaoyikaozengjiawuzhiziyuanxiaohaoxiangzhuyaoyikaokejijinbu、laodongzhesuzhitigao、guanlichuangxinzhuanbian。yincigaixuanxiangdaanshiabd。

      buxuancdeliyoushi: gaixuanxiangshifenxilegezhongsuoyouzhijingjixingshiyaoxiediaofazhandeguanxi,erbushizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshideneirong。

    yaboVip  23.jicengminzhushiwoguoguangdagongren、nongmin、zhishifenzihegejiecengrenshizaichengxiangjicengzhengquanjiguan、qishiyedanweihejicengzizhiyabovipzhongyifazhijiexingshiminzhuquanli。fazhanjicengminzhu ( ) a。youliyutigaoquanmindeminzusuyang,weijinyibufazhanminzhuchuangzaoletiaojian b。shifazhanshehuizhuyiminzhudejichuxinggongcheng c。weijicengqunzhongzhijiecanyuguojiashiwudeguanlitigonglegengduojihui d。weijicengqunzhongguanlijicenggonggongshiwuhegongyishiyechuangzaoletiaojian 【daan】 abd 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《“maozhongte”》dijiuzhangwoguoshehuizhuyizhengzhizhiduzhongjicengminzhuzizhineirongdezhishidian。

    yaboVip  dangdeshiqidashoucibajicengqunzhongzizhizhidunaruzhongguoteseshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhizhidudejibenfanchou。jicengminzhubujinshiyizhongjicengzizhiheminzhuguanlizhidu,erqiezuoweiguojiazhiduminzhudejutihua,shishehuizhuyiminzhuguangfanershenkedeshijian。yifangmian,fazhanjicengminzhushifazhanshehuizhuyiminzhudejichuxinggongzuo。baozhenggongrenjiejiheguangdalaodongqunzhongzaizhenggeguojiadejingji、zhengzhi、wenhuaheshehuishenghuozhongdequanli,zheishishixiangongrenjiejiheguangdalaodongqunzhongzaidangjiazuozhudejichu。lingyifangmian,jicengminzhushishehuizhuyiminzhuzuiguangfandeshijian,fazhanjicengzhijieminzhu,youliyutigaoquanmindeminzhusuyang,weifazhanshehuizhuyiminzhujinyibuchuangzaotiaojian。suoyigaitixuanxiangshiabd。

      buxuancdeliyoushi: jicengqunzhongshitongguorendadaibiaojianjiecanyuguojiashiwudeguanli,errendadaibiaokeyizhijiecanyuguojiafangzhenzhengcedexiugaihezhiding。

    yaboVip  24.shiqidayilai,dangduixingqishehuizhuyiwenhuajianshexingaochao,tuidongshehuizhuyiwenhuadafazhandafanrongzuochuzhanlvebushu,zheishijiyu ( ) a。wenhuayijingchengweijingjishehuifazhandeqiangdadongli b。wenhuayijingchengweiguojiahexinjingzhenglidezhongyaoyinsu c。wenhuachanyeyijingchengweiguojiajingjidezhizhuxingchanye d。wenhuayijingchengweiminzuningjulihechuangzaolidezhongyaoyuanquan 【daan】 abd 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《“maozhongte”》dishizhang,jianshezhongguoteseshehuizhuyiwenhuajiansheyijidangdeshiqijieliuzhongquanhuiyabovipwenhuajianshedezhishidian。

      zaidangdaizhongguo,fazhanshehuizhuyixianjinwenhua,jianshehexiewenhua,tuidongshehuizhuyiwenhuadafazhan、dafanrong,bixushiyingshehuizhuyishichangjingjideyaoqiu,zunxunshehuizhuyijingshenwenmingjianshedeguilv,buduantuijinwenhuatizhigaige,yaojiansheyouzhongguoteseshehuizhuyidewenhua。dangdeshiqijieliuzhongquanhuizhichu: dangdaizhongguojinrulequanmianjianshexiaokangshehuideguanjianshiqiheshenhuagaigekaifang、jiakuaizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshidegongjianshiqi,wenhuayuelaiyuechengweiminzuningjulihechuangzaolidezhongyaoyuanquan、yuelaiyuechengweizongheguolijingzhengdezhongyaoyinsu、yuelaiyuechengweijingjishehuifazhandezhongyaozhicheng,fengfujingshenwenhuashenghuoyuelaiyuechengweiwoguorenmindereqieyuanwang。quanmianjianchenghuijishijiyirenkoudegenggaoshuipingdexiaokangshehui,jiyaorangrenminguoshangyinshifuzudewuzhishenghuo,youyaorangrenminxiangyoujiankangfengfudewenhuashenghuo。yincigaitidezhengquexuanxiangshiabd。

      buxuancdeliyoushi: dangdeshiqijieliuzhongquanhuizhichu: er0er0nianwenhuagaigefazhanfendoudemubiaoshi: jiakuaifazhanwenhuachanye、tuidongwenhuachanyechengweiguominjingjizhizhuxingchanye。danshidaoxianzaiweizhi,woguowenhuachanyedefazhanhaimeiyouchengweiguojiajingjidezhizhuxingchanye。

      25.suizhewoguogaigekaifangdebuduanshenruheshehuizhuyishichangjingjidebuduanfazhan,gezhongshehuimaodunriyituxian。jiejuezheixieshehuimaodun,gaigechuangxinshehuiguanlitizhi,xuyao   ( ) a。jianquanshehuiguanligeju  b。jianquanjicengshehuiguanlitizhi c。chuangxinshehuiguanlilinian  d。chuangxinshehuiguanlifangshi 【daan】 abcd 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《“maozhongte”》dishizhanggoujianshehuizhuyihexieshehuiyouguanyuanlidezhishidian。

      yaojianlihexieshehui,bixugaigechuangxinshehuiguanlitizhi。shehuiwendingshirenminqunzhongdegongtongxinyuan,shigaigefazhandezhongyaoqianti,bixubawanshanshehuiguanlizuoweigaishanminshenghecujinshehuihexiedezhongyaorenwu。tuijinshehuiguanlitizhigaigechuangxin,yaojianquandangweilingdao、zhengfufuze、shehuixietong、gongzhongcanyudeshehuiguanligeju,jianquanjicengshehuiguanlitizhi。jianchiyirenweiben,chuangxinshehuiguanlilinian,chuangxinshehuiguanlifangshi,zaifuwuzhongshishiguanli,zaiguanlizhongshixianfuwu,zuidaxiandudijifashehuichuangzaohuoli,zuidaxiandudizengjiahexieyinsu,zuidaxiandudijianshaobuhexiedeyinsu。yinci,gaitixuanabcd。

    yaboVip  26.zhongying《nanjingtiaoyue》qiandinghou,mei、fachenhuodajie,xiangjibipoqingzhengfuqiandingdebupingdengtiaoyueyou(  ) a。《humentiaoyue》 b。《wangshatiaoyue》 c。《huangputiaoyue》 d。《tianjintiaoyue》 【daan】 bc 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《zhongguojinxiandaishigangyao》diyizhangqingzhengfuyumei、faqiandingbupingdengtiaoyuedeneirong。

      1840nian,yingguofadongyapianzhanzheng。1842nian,qingzhengfuyuyingguoqiandingzhongguojindaishishangdiyigebupingdengtiaoyue《nanjingtiaoyue》。1844zhongmeinianqianding《wangshatiaoyue》zhongmei《wangshatiaoyue》gong34kuan,bingfuyouhaiguanshuize。zhuyaoneirongweimeiguozaitongshang、waijiaodengfangmian,xiangyouyuyingguotongdengdequanli。yejiushishuo,yingguotongguoyapianzhanzhenghuodedeteshuquanyi,chugedi、peikuanwai,meiguoquanbuhuode,erqiezaixuduofangmianweihaizhongguogengli。1844nian8yue14rizhongfaqianding《huangputiaoyue》。huangputiaoyue(treaty of whampoa)youcheng《wukoumaoyizhangcheng: haiguanshuize》,shi1844nian(daoguangershisinian)8yue14riqingchaoyufaguozaiguangzhouhuangpuqiandingdebupingdengtiaoyue,yeshifaguoqinlvezhongguodediyigebupingdengtiaoyue。

      buxuanaddeliyoushi: xuanxianga,1843nian7 yue22ri,《humentiaoyue》shizhongguozhengfuheyingguoqiandingde。yingfangzaixianggangshouxiangongbule《wukoutongshangzhangcheng: haiguanshuize》;10yue8ri,qingchaoqinchadachenqiying、yingguozhuhuaquanquangongshipudingchagezidaibiaoliangguozhengfuzaiguangdonghumenqianding《wukoutongshangfuzhanshanhoutiaokuan》,youcheng《humentiaoyue》。xuanxiangd,《tianjintiaoyue》shiqingxianfengbanian(1858)dierciyapianzhanzhengzhongyingguo、faguo、eguo、meiguoqiangpoqingzhengfuzaitianjinfenbieqiandingdebupingdengtiaoyue。timuwendeshimei、fahezhongguoqiandingdetiaoyue,erbushiwenyingfahezhongguoqiandingdebupingdengtiaoyue。

      27.dierciyapianzhanzhenghou,qingchaotongzhiyabovipneibuyibufenrenzhenjingyulieqiangde“chuanjianpaoli”,zhuzhangxuexixifangyiqiu“ziqiang”,yangwuyundongyoucixingqi。yangwuyundongdeyigezhongyaoneirongjiushichuangbanxinshixuetang,zhuyaoyou (  ) a. fanyixuetang b。gongyixuetang c。junshixuetang d。fazhengxuetang 【daan】 abc 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《zhongguojinxiandaishigangyao》dierzhangzhongyangwuyundonghuodongyouguandezhishidian。

      cong19shiji60niandaidao90niandai,weilewanjiuqingzhengfudetongzhiweiji,fengjiantongzhijiejizhongdebufenchengyuanzhuzhangxuexixifangdewuqizhuangbeihekexuejishu,xingbanyangwu,zheixieguanyuanbeichengwei“yangwupai”。yangwupaichuangbanlexinshixuetang。cong19shiji60niandaidao90niandaide30duonianjian,zhuyaoyousanzhong: yiweifanyixuetang,rujingshitongwenguan,zhuyaopeiyangfanyirencai;yiweigongyixuetang,peiyangdianbao、tielu、kuangwu、xiyidengzhuanmenrencai;yiweijunshixuetang,ruchuanzhengxuetangdeng,peiyangxinshihaijunrencai。zaichuangbanxinshixuetangdetongshi,haixianhoupaiqianfumeiyoutongjiguanfeifuouliuxuesheng200duoren。

    yaboVip  buxuanddeliyoushi: 1895nian,beiyangshuishizaiduirizuozhanzhongzhanbai,1895nian《maguantiaoyue》deqianding,biaozhizheyangwuyundongdeshibaihejieshu。 beiyangfazhengxuetangshi1906nianchuangban,weiyutianjinxinkaihedexian(xianzhichengdao33hao),shizhongguozuizaodezhengfaxuexiao。jinglileqingwangchao、beiyangzhengfuheguomindangtongzhizhihou,daojiefangchuqijieshuweizhi,gaixiaopeiyangchudapifalv、zhengzhi、jingji、shangxuedengfangmianderencai。beiyangfazhengxuetangshizaiyangwuyundongshibaishiyinianyihouhoujianliqilaide,zaishijianshangduibushang,suoyibuxuan。

      28.yibanshuolai,youjizhanzhengshigezhanshuwenti。danshi,zaikangrizhanzhengzhong,youjizhanzhengjuyouzhanlvediwei,shiyinweita (  ) a。zhuyaoshizaiwaixiandanduzuozhan,erbushizaineixianpeihezhengguijunzuozhan b。shikangrizhanzhengdezhuyaozuozhanfangshi,erbushiciyaozuozhanfangshi c。shidaguimode,erbushixiaoguimode d。shijingongzhan,erbushifangyuzhan 【daan】 ac 【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《zhongguojinxiandaishigangyao》diliuzhangkangrizhanzhengzhongkangriyoujizhandezhishidian。

    yaboVip  maozedongtongzhizai《kangriyoujizhanzhengdezhanlvewenti》zhonglunshudelezheixielilun。xuanxianga,yibanshuolai,youjizhanzhengshigezhanshuwenti。danshi,zaikangrizhanzhengdechuqihezhongqi,youyudiqiangworuo,kangrizhanzhengdechijiuxing,zheijuedingyoujizhanzhengbeitidaozhanlvediwei,shijuyouquanjuxingdeyiyi。zaizhanlvefangyujieduan,youjizhanzaidihouguangfandiyabovip,rijunzhinengbayongyujingongdebinglichoudiaohuilaicongerjianqinglezhengmianzhanchangdeyali,zheiduizhanzhengzhuanruxiangchijieduanqileguanjianxingdezuoyong。yinweidiqiangworuo,zhuyaoshizaiwaixian(youjizhan)danduzuozhan,erbushizaineixianpeihezhengguijunzuozhan(zhendizhan)xuanxiangb,gongchandangdekangzhanluxianshi,yikaorenminqunzhong,fadongquanminzudekangzhan,shidaguimodekangzheng,erbushixiaoguimodekangzhan。yinci,zhengquedaanshixuanxiangac。

    yaboVip  buxuanbddeliyoushi: xuanxiangb,kangrizhanzhengdefazhanfenwei,fangyujieduan、xiangchijieduanhefangongjieduan。zaifangyujieduanguomindangdezhengmianzhanchangshikangrizuozhandezhuyaoxingshi。daolekangrizhanzhengdexiangchijieduan,dihouyoujizhanzhengchengweizhuyaodezuozhanfangshi。xuanxiangd,zhongguodekangrizhanzhengdezhendizhanheyoujizhanzhuyaoshifangyuxingde,erbushijingongxingde。zhishidaolekangrizhanzhengdefangongjieduan,zhongguodejunduiduirizuozhan,caishifangyuxingde。

    yaboVip  29.1957nian2yue,maozedongzaikuodadezuigaoguowuhuiyishangfabiao(yabovipzhengquechulirenminneibumaodundewenti)dejianghua,qiangdiaozhichu (  ) a。shehuizhuyishehuichongmanzhemaodun b。shehuizhuyishehuidejibenmaodunrengranshishengchanguanxiheshengchanlizhijian、shangcengjianzhuhejingjijichuzhijiandemaodun c。shehuizhuyishehuidemaodunkeyitongguoshehuizhuyizhidubenshendedaojiejue d。bazhengquechulirenminneibumaodunzuoweiguojiazhengzhishenghuodezhuti

      【daan】abcd

    yaboVip  【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《zhongguojinxiandaishigangyao》dijiuzhangzhongruherenshishehuizhuyigezhongmaodundezhishidian。

    yaboVip  xuanxianga,1957nianmaozedongtongzhizai(yabovipzhengquechulirenminneibumaodundewenti)dejianghua,qiangdiaozhichu: woguoshehuizhuyigaizaowanchengyihou,woguodeshehuizhuyishehuihaicunzaishengchanliheshengchanguanxi、jingjijichuheshangcengjianzhudemaodun,cunzaizhediwomaodunherenminneibumaodun,haicunzaizhegezhonggeyangdemaodun。xuanxiangb,shehuizhuyishehuirengrancunzaizhemaodun,zhengshizheixiemaoduntuidongzheshehuizhuyishehuixiangqianfazhan。shehuizhuyishehuidejibenmaodunrengranshishengchanguanxiheshengchanlizhijiandemaodun、shangcengjianzhuhejingjijichuzhijiandemaodun,shituidongshehuizhuyishehuibuduanqianjindegenbendongli。xuanxiangc,chanmingleshehuizhuyishehuijibenmaodunbushiduikangxingershifeiduikangxingdemaodun,shehuizhuyishehuidejibenmaodunkeyitongguoshehuizhuyishehuiziwodiaozhengheziwowanshanzhongdedaojiejue。xuanxiangd,shehuizhuyishehuicunzaizhediwomaodunherenminneibumaodun,danshidaliangdibiaoxianweirenminneibumaodun,zhengquechulirenminneibumaodunshiguojiazhengzhishenghuodezhuti。yincigaitidexuanxiangshiabcd。

      30.shehuizhuyifazhilinianfanyinghezhiyinzheshehuizhuyifazhidexingzhi、gongneng、mubiaofangxiang、jiazhiquxiangheshixiantujing,shishehuizhuyifazhidejingsuihelinghun。qijibenneihanbaokuoyifazhiguo、zhifaweiminhe(   ) a。gongpingzhengyi b。ziyoupingdeng c。fuwudaju d。dangdelingdao

      【daan】 acd

    yaboVip  【daanjiedu】bentitikaohe《sixiangdaodexiuyangyufalvjichu》dibazhangzhongshehuizhuyifazhiliniandezhishidian。

    yaboVip  shehuizhuyifazhilinianshizhongguogongchandangzuoweizhizhengdang,shicongshehuizhuyixiandaihuajiansheshiyedexianshihequanjuchufa,jiejianshijiefazhijingyan,duijinxiandaitebieshigaigekaifangyilaizhongguojingji、shehuihefazhifazhandelishijingyandezongjie。shehuizhuyifazhilinianjishidangdaizhongguoshehuizhuyijiansheguihuadeyibufen,tongshiyeshizhizhengdangduizhongguofazhijingyandelilunzhuiqiuheshenghua。shehuizhuyifazhilinianshizhongguoteseshehuizhuyililunzaifazhijiansheshangdetixian。yifazhiguo、zhifaweimin、gongpingzhengyi、fuwudaju、dangdelingdao,wugefangmianxiangfuxiangcheng,tixianledangdelingdao、renmindangjiazuozhuheyifazhiguodeyoujitongyi。yinci,gaitixuanxiangacdshizhengquede。

      buxuanbdeliyoushi: ziyoupingdengdeguannianbushishehuizhuyifazhiliniandefanying,ershishehuizhuyiminzhufazhiguanniandeneirong。baozhanggongmindeziyoupingdengshiwoguoxianfahefalvdejibenjiazhiquxiang。falvshangdeziyoupingdengguannianneirongbaokuo: yifaxiangyouhexingshiziyoudeguannian、falvmianqianrenrenpingdengguannian。

      31.aiguozhuyitixianlerenminqunzhongduizijizuguodeshenhouganqing,fanyinglegerenduizuguodeyicunguanxi,shirenmenduizijigutujiayuan、minzuhewenhuadeguishugan、rentonggan、zunyanganyurongyugandetongyi。zaiwoguo,aiguozhuyi (   )

    yaboVip  a。jishidaodeyaoqiu,youshifalvguifanb。jijichengleyouliangchuantong,youjuyoushidaitezhengc。tixianleaiguozhuyiyuaishehuizhuyideyizhixingd。tixianleaiguozhuyiyuyonghuzuguotongyideyizhixing

      【daan】 abcd

    yaboVip  【daanjiedu】bentikaohe《sixiangdaodexiuyangyufalvjichu》dierzhangzhongaiguozhuyidezhishidian。

      xuanxianga,aiguozhuyitixianledaodehefalvdeyaoqiu。yinweishehuizhuyidedaodeshimakesizhuyilunlisixiangyuzhongguoteseshehuizhuyiweidashijianxiangjiehedechanwu,shehuizhuyidefalvyeyaoqiugongminbixuaiguo。xuanxiangb,zhonghuaminzudeaiguozhuyiyouliangchuantongneihanjiweifengfu,yaozaixindexingshixiajinyibufayangguangda,yaotixiangaigekaifangdeshidaitezheng。xuanxiangc,zaidangdaizhongguo,aiguozhuyishouxiantixianzaiduishehuizhuyizhongguodereaishang,zheishizhonghuarenmingongheguomeiyigegongminbixujianchidelichanghetaidu。xuanxiangd,aiguozhuyiyuyonghuzuguotongyideyizhixing,bujinshiduizhongguodaludezhongguogongmindeyaoqiu,erqieshiduiquantizhonghuaernvbaokuogangaotaitongbaoyijihaiwaiqiaobaodejibenyaoqiu。yincigaitidezhengquexuanxiangshiabcd。

      32.hujintaozongshuji《zaiqingzhuzhongguogongchandangchengli90zhouniandahuishangdejianghua》zhongzhichu,jingguo90niandefendou、chuangzao、jilei,dangherenminbixubeijiazhenxi、zhangqijianchi、buduanfazhandechengjiushi   ( ) a。kaipilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaoli b。xingchenglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyililuntixi c。quelilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu d。jianchenglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojia 【daan】 abd 【daanjiedu】bentikaohehujintaozongshujizai2011“qiyi”jianghuazhongyabovipzhongguogongchandangzaizhangqifazhanzhongqudedezhongdachengguodezhishidian。

      2011nian7yue1ri,hujintaozongshuji《zaiqingzhuzhongguogongchandangchengli90zhouniandahuishangdejianghua》zhongzhichu,jingguo90niandefendou、chuangzao、jilei,dangherenminbixubeijiazhenxi、zhangqijianchi、buduanfazhandechengjiushikaipilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyidaoli、xingchenglezhongguoteseshehuizhuyililuntixi、quelilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu。hujintaozongshujizai“qiyi”jianghuazhong,shoucitigaole,“quelilezhongguoteseshehuizhuyizhidu”。

    yaboVip  buxuanddeliyoushi: zaigaigekaifangdeguochengzhong,zhongguogongchandangbuduandixingchengleruhejianshezhongguoteseshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojiahejingjifazhandelilun。dangdeshiqidazhengzhibaogaozhichu: yaobawoguojianshechengweifuqiangminzhuwenminghexiedeshehuizhuyixiandaihuaguojia。danshi,zheixielilunbushuyuzhongguogongchandangqude“zhongguoteseshehuizhuyi”weidadelilunchengguo,ershishuyushehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshedelilun。

      33.2011nian11yue28ri—12yue1ri,《lianheguoqihoubianhuakuangjiagongyue》diyuefanghuiyizainanfeidebanjuxing。jinguanduibufenjiaodianyitifenqiyanzhong,danzaigefanggongtongnulixia,dahuiqudeleyixiezhongyaochengguo,baokuo ( ) a。dachenghangaisuoyoudiyuefangde“guojifalvkuangjia” b。chengli“debanzengqiangxingdongpingtaiteshegongzuozu” c。jixu《jingdouyidingshu》dierchengnuoqi d。zhengshiqidong“lvseqihoujijin” 【daan】 bcd 【daanjiedu】bentikaohezainanfeidebanjuxing《lianheguoqihoubianhuakuangjiagongyue》diyuefanghuiyiqudedezhongyaodechengguozhishidian。

    yaboVip  2011nian11yue28rizhi12yue9ri,lianheguoqihoubianhuakuangjiagongyuedi17cidiyuefanghuiyizainanfeidebanyabovip。jingguoyuhuigefanggongtongnuli,debandahuizuizhongtongguojueyi,juedingjianlidebanzengqiangxingdongpingtaiteshegongzuozu,shishi《jingdouyidingshu》dierchengnuoqi,zhengshiqidonglvseqihoujijin。debanhuiyisuoqudedechengguobiaoming,guojishehuizaiyingduiqihoubianhuadelishijinchengzhongyouwangqianmaijinleguanjianyibu。

      buxuanadeliyoushi: nanfeidedebanhuiyimeiyoudachenghangaisuoyoudiyuefangde“guojifalvkuangjia”deneirong。huiyizhichu: zaiyingduiqihoubianhuademanzhangzhengchengzhong,debanjibushiqidian,yebushizhongdian。zhiyoujianshouyuanze、buxienuli,renleicainengzaiqihoubianhuawentishangbuduanqudexinchengguo。

    yaboVip  er。duoxiangxuanzetidaan: 17. bcd 18.abc 19. cd 20. abd 21.abcd

    yaboVip  22. bd 23.abd 24. abd 25. abcd 26. bc

      27. abc 28.ac 29. abcd 30. acd 31. abcd

    yaboVip  32. abc 33. bcd

      三、分析题: 34~38小题,第34小题12分,第25、26、37小题每题10分,第38小题8分,共50分。要求结合所学知识分析材料并回答问题。将答案写在答题纸指定位置上。    

      34. jiehecailiaohuidawenti:     

      cailiao1 yougerenbuxiaoxindasuiyigehuaping,dantameiyouxianrujusang,ershixixindishoujiqimandidesuipian。tabazheixiesuipianandaxiaofenleichengchuzhongliang,jieguofaxian: 10~100kedezuishao,1~10kedeshaoduo,0.1~1kehe0.1keyixiadezuiduo;tongshitahaifaxianzheixiesuipiandezhongliangzhijiancunzaizhebeishuguanxi,jijiaodakuaidezhongliangshicidakuaidezhongliangde16bei……yincitafaxianle“suihuapinglilun”。zheigelilunkeyibangzhurenmenhuifuwenwu、yunshidengbuzhiqiyuanmaodewuti,jikaoguhetiantideyanjiudailaileyixiangbudaodexiaoguo。zheigerenjiushidanmaidewulixuejiayagebu·boer。 zhaibianzi《guangmingribao》(2011nian2yue21 ri)     cailiao2 didi·ailunnianqingshidaoyijiadianyinggongsidagong,genzhezhimingdianyingjianjishiluobote·huaisixuexi。tazaijidianying《jianghulangzi》jianjishi,fanleyigefeichangbuyinggaidecuowu: zaicongyigejingtouqiehuandaolingyigejingtoushi,diyigejingtouzhongdeshengyinjingranyanxudaodiergejingtouzhongqu,bingqiezhangdasanmiaozhong,daozhidejieju: zhurengongjiashiqichezhujianyuanqu,jingtousuizhiqiehuandaodademudedichangjing,erzheishiyijiukeyitingjiandiyigejingtouzhongdeqichesheng!luobote·huaisifeichangshengqi,tabazheiduanyingpianwangailunmianqianyirengshuo: “banisuofandecuowujiandiao!”ailunjusangjile,zhengzaitazhunbeijianquzijisuofandeneige“cuowu”shi,tahurankanjianchuangtaishangdeyigexiaopenjing,neishiyizhudimei,tacengjingshengzhangzaiailunjiadeyuanzili。zhishibiededimeidounengzhangchuyoutianyouhongdeguoshi,weiduzheizhudimeibuhuijieguo,ketasuiranbuhuijieguo,quenengkaichutebiexianhongdehuaduo!suoyiailunbatayizhidaolezheili,chengleyidaomeilidefengjing!ruguoshuobuhuijieguoshiyizhong“cuowu”,danjiuzaizheizhongcuowuzhong,taquekaichulezuimeilidehua!xiangdaozheili,ailunpengranxindong,takaishizhongxinshenshiqineiduanyingpian,mengranyishidao: zheigecuowudebenshen,qishijiushiyiduozuimeilidedimeihua!anzhaochuantongdejifa,zaijingtouqiehuandetongshishengyinyesuizhijiaranerzhi,ailunquebashengyinyanxudaodiergejingtouzhong,erzheibujinnengqiaomiaorouheyoujingtouqiehuanerchanshengdeduanliegan,hainenggengjiayouxudilianguandianyingjiezou!ailunyoucixiangdao,youxieshihou,badiergejingtouzhongdeshengyintiqianyidianchuxianzaidiyigejingtoudejieweichu,yeshiyizhongnengqiaomiaoxianshidianyingjiezoudeshoufa。yushi,tabazheizhong“cuoweijianji”yongdaolezheibuyingpiandemeiyigeqiehuandejingtouzhong。yingpianshangyinghou,zheizhongjianjixiaoguorangsuoyouguanzhongermuyixin,bingyinqiledianyingtongxingdeguanzhuheyanyong,yichangdianyingjianjiyishudegexinqiaoqiaokaishile!dang86suigaolingdeailunbingshihou,renmenduiailunderenshengtaiduheduidianyingdegongxianzuolezheiyangdezongjie: “tashenxinzheigeshijieshangmeiyouzhenzhengdecuowu,zhiyoubeihulvedezhihui!jibianshiyizhuwufajiechuguoshidedimei,yebuyaoqingyirengdiao,yinweitakenenghuikaichuzuimeilidehuaduo!” zhaibianzi 《yangziwanbao》(2011nian6yue27ri) (1) congdasuihuapingzheiyixianxiangzhongsuogaikuochude“suihuapinglilun”weishenmenengbangzhurenmenhuifuwenwu、yunshidengbuzhiyuanmaodewuti? (2)ruhelijie“zheigeshijieshangmeiyouzhenzhengdecuowu,zhiyoubeihulvedezhihui”? (3)shangshuliangliduiwomenzengqiangchuangxinyishiyouheqishi?

    yaboVip  【daanyaodian】(1)renheshiwudoushigongxinghegerendetongyi,gongxingyuyugexingzhizhong,gexingzhongbaohangongxing。(2fen)

      renmenderenshijiushiconggebiedaoyiban、zaidaogebiedeguocheng。“suihuapinglilun”shiduisuihuapingzheiyigebieshiwuzhongsuobaohandeyibantezhengdegaikuohefanying,zheijiushiderenmennenggoujuyifansandirenshihechuliqitashiwu(2fen)(zhu: ruguokaoshengcongxianxianghebenzhizhijiandebianzhengguanxi,huocongguilvdetezhengdejiaodufenxi,yanzhiyouli,zhuoqingjifen。)

      (2)zhenlihemiulunshibianzhengtongyide,tamenxianghuyicun、xianghuguantong。zhenlizhongbaokuozhemouzhongyihouhuibaoluchulaidecuowufangmianhuoyinsu,cuowuzhongyeyinhanzheyihouhuixianluchulaidezhenlidechengfenhuomengya。(2fen)

      “shijieshangmeiyouzhenzhengdecuowu,zhiyoubeihulvedezhihui”,bingbushimoshazhenlihecuowuzhijiandequbie,ershizhimeiyoudanchunde、jueduidecuowu,shizhiyouyubunengbianzhengdiduidaicuowuershiquzaicuowuzhongfaxianzhenlidekeneng。(2fen)

    yaboVip  (3)chuangxinyishizaiwomenrenshihegaizaoshijiezhongjuyouzhongyaodeyiyi。zengqiangchuangxinyishi: yiyaozhuzhongshijian,congzhongjiquzhihui;er,yaobianzhengsiwei,yaoquanmiandi、fazhandikanwenti。touguoxianxiangjieshibenzhi,shanyucongouranzhongfaxianbiran。(4fen)

    yaboVip  35. jiehecailiaohuidawenti

      cailiao1

      shiyijiequanguorendachangweihuidiershicihuiyichucishenyide《zhonghuarenmingongheguogerensuodeshuifaxiuzhengan(caoan)》jianggerensuodeshuimianzhengeyouxianxingdemeiyue2000yuandiaozhi3000yuan。suihou,quanguorendachangweihuitongguozhongguorendawangxiangshehuigongkaizhengqiuyijian,gongshoudao82707rentichudeyijian23wanyujian。82536renduigerensuodeshuiqizhengdianfabiaoyijian,qizhongyaoqiutigaoqizhengdiandeyijiangaoda83%。 2011nian5yue10rihe20ri,quanguorendafalvweiyuanhui、caizhengjingjiweiyuanhuihequanguorendachangweihuifazhigongzuoweiyuanhuilianheyabovipzuotanhui,haifenbietingqu11weizhuanjiahe16weilaizibutongdiqu、butongzhiye、butongshouruquntijuyouyidingdaibiaoxingdeshehuigongzhongduicaoandeyijian。 6yue27ri,gefaxiuzhengancaoanzaicitijiaoquanguorendachangweihuishenyishi,ershengaodui3000yuanqizhengdianrengweizuoxiugai。zaishenyiguochengzhong,youweiyuanbiaoshi,wangshangzhengqiuyijianzhong,yaoqiutigaoqizhengdiandezhan83%。duirucijizhongdeyijian,caoanweichongfenhuiying,hennanxianggongzhongjieshiqingchu。gengyouweiyuanzhichu,gerensuodeshuifabushi5000yuan、3000yuandewenti,ershiruhegengrenzhendiduidaiqunzhongyijianhelaobaixingdeguanzhuwenti。 6yue30ri,quanguorendachangweihuidiershiyicihuiyiyi134piaozancheng、6piaofandui、11piaoqiquan,juedingdui《zhonghuarenmingongheguogerensuodeshuifa》zuoruxiaxiugai: yi、disantiaodiyixiangxiugaiwei: “gongzi、xinjinsuode,shiyongchaoeleijinshuilv,shuilvweibaifenzhisanzhibaifenzhisishiwu。”er、diliutiaodiyikuandiyixiangxiugaiwei: “gongzi、xinjinsuode,yimeiyueshouruejianchufeiyongsanqianwubaiyuanhoudeyue,weiyingnashuisuodee。”

    yaboVip  zhaibianzi zhongguorendawang(2011nian6yue30ri、2011nian7yue1ri)

      cailiao2

    yaboVip  cicigerensuodeshuifadexiugaijiangzaishehuishenghuozhongfahuijijizuoyong。shouxian,dafudujianqingzhongdishourunashuiquntidefudan。yifangmian,jianchufeiyongbiaozhunyou2000yuantigaodao3500yuanhou,nashuirennashuifudanpubianjianqing。gongxinshouruzhenashuimiandiaozhenghou,nashuirenshuyouyue8400wanrenjianzhiyue2400wanren。lingyifangmian,tongguodiaozhenggongxinsuodeshuilvjiegou,shijuedabufengongxinsuodenashuirenzaixiangshoutigaojianchufeiyongbiaozhundetongshi,jinyibujianqingshuifu。zheilianggecuoshishibuyiyangde,jianchufeiyongdetigaoshipuhui,tongguoshuilvjijudiaozhengjinxingjiegouxingdebianhua,shishizhongdishourunashuiquntizaijianshuidejichushangjinyibujianshui。ciwai,shidangkuodadidangshuilvhezuigaodangshuilvdeshiyongfanwei,shidishuilvxiangdabufennashuirenqingxie。qici,shidangjiadaduigaoshouruzhedediaojielidu。shixingtigaogongxinsuodejianchufeiyongbiaozhunhediaozhenggongxinsuodeshuilvjiegoubianhualiandong,nenggoushiyibufengaoshouruzhezaidixiaojianchufeiyongbiaozhuntigaodedaodejianshuihaochuyihou,shidangzengjiayixieshuifu。 zhaibianzi zhongguorendawang(2011nian6yue30ri)

      (1) cicigeshuifaxiugaiguochengruhetixianlezhongguoteseshehuizhuyiminzhu?(5fen)

      (2) jiehecicigeshuifadexiugai,fenxidangqianwoguoshourufenpeizhidugaigedequxianghehelidiaozhengshourufenpeigejudeyaoqiu。(5fen) 【daanyaodian】

      (1)quanguorendachangweihuixishougefangyijian,duicaoanxiangguantiaokuanzuochuxiugai,jishirenmindaibiaodahuizhidujizhongrenmingongtongyizhi、baozhangrenmingenbenliyidetixian,yeshiminzhulifa、kexuelifadetixian。 (3fen)

    yaboVip  quanguorendachangweihuixiangquanshehuigongkaizhengqiuyijian,shiduirenminzhiqingquan、canyuquan、biaodaquan、jianduquandezunzhong。renminqunzhongyongyuefabiaoyijian,jianyanxiance,shigongminjijiyouxucanyuguojiajuecedetixian。(2fen)

    yaboVip  (2)jiadashourufenpeidiaojielidu,helidiaozhengshourufenpeigeju,huanjiehesuoxiaoshourufenpeichaju,jiejuefenpeibugongwenti,jianchifazhanchengguoyourenmingongxiang,shiwoguodangqianshourufenpeizhidugaigedejibenquxiang。cicigeshuifadexiugai,jinjinzhuazhulegerenshourufenpeizhidugaigezheigedangqianrenminqunzhongzuizhijie、zuixianshideliyiwenti。(3fen)

    yaboVip  xianjieduanhelidiaozhengshourufenpeigejudejibenyaoqiushi: zhelitigaodishouruzheshouru,nulikuodazhongdengshouruzhebizhong,youxiaodiaojieguogaoshouru。cicigeshuifadexiugai,jiaohaodiguanchelezheiyiyaoqiu。(2fen)

      36.jiehecailiaohuidawenti: cailiao1 “yuweioumeizhijinhua,fanyisandazhuyi: yueminzu、yueminquan、yueminsheng。luomazhiwang,minzuzhuyixing,erouzhougeguoyiduli。jizidiqiguo,weixingzhuanzhi,zaixiazhebukanqiku,zeminquanzhuyiqi。shibashijizhimo,shijiushijizhichu,zhuanzhipuerlixianzhengtizhiyan。shijiekaihua,renzhiyizheng,wuzhifashu,bainianruiyuqianzai,jingjiwentijizhengzhiwentizhihou,zeminshengzhuyiyueyuerandong,ershishijibudebuweiminshengzhuyizhishanchangshidaiye。shisandazhuyijiejibenyumin,dibianyi,erouzhouzhirenzhongxuzhihuayan。” “zhongguoshuqiannianlaidoushijunzhuzhuanzhizhengti,zheizhongzhengti,bushipingdengziyoudeguominsuokanshoude,yaoquzheizhongzhengti,bushizhuankaominzugemingkeyichenggong……womentuidaomanzhouzhengfu,congquchumanrenneiyimianshuoshiminzugeming,congdianfujunzhuzhengtineiyimianshuoshizhengzhigeming,bingbushibalaifenzuoliangciquzuo。jiangdaoneizhengzhigemingdejieguo,shijianliminzhuzhengtilixianzhengti。zhaoxianzaizheiyangdezhengzhilunqilai,jiusuanhanrenweijunzhu,yebunengshigeming。” zhaizi《sunzhongshanquanji》diyijuan cailiao2 “yibainianyilai,womendexianrenyibuqubunaodedouzhengfanduineiwaiyapozhe,conglaimeiyoutingzhiguo,qizhongbaokuoweidadezhongguogemingxianxingzhesunzhongshanxianshengsuolingdaodexinhaigemingzainei,womendexianrenzhishiwomen,jiaowomenwanchengtamendeyizhi。womenxianzaishizheiyangzuole。womentuanjieqilai,yirenminjiefangzhanzhengherenmindagemingdadaoleneiwaiyapozhe,xuanbuzhonghuarenmingongheguochenglile。womendeminzujiangcongcilieruaihaohepingziyoudeshijiegeminzudedajiating,yiyongganerqinlaodezitaigongzuozhe,chuangzaozijidewenminghexingfu,tongshiyecujinshijiedehepingheziyou。womendeminzujiangzaiyebushiyigebeirenwurudeminzule,womenyijingzhanqilaile。” zhaizi《maozedongwenji》diwujuan (1)ruhelijie“jiusuanhanrenweijunzhu,yebunengbugeming”?(5fen) (2)weishenmeshuozhongguogongchandangrenshisunzhongshankaichuangdegemingshiye“zuizhongshidejichengzhe”?(5fen)

      【daanyaodian】

      (1)congshijiefanweikan,19shijimo20shijichu,minzuminzhugemingyichengweishijiechaoliu;youyudiguozhuyideqinlve,qingwangchaodefuxiuwuneng,shiminzuweijiriyijiashen、shehuimaodunbuduanjihua;qingwangchaoyichengweizhongguojingjifazhanheshehuijinbudezhuyaozhangai;gemingdemudebuzhishiyaotuifanqingwangchaodetongzhi,erqieyaozaizhongguojianligonghezhidu,yincijishishihanzurendanghuangdi,yebixugeming。(5fen)

      (2)zhongguogongchandangrenjichenglesunzhongshanxianshengkaichuangdeminzuminzhugeming,qudelexinminzhuzhuyigemingshengli,jianlilezhonghuarenmingongheguo,shixianleminzuduli、renminjiefang;zhongguogongchandangrenjichenglesunzhongshanxianshengjianliminzhugonghelixiang,shixianlecongxinminzhuzhuyishehuidaoshehuizhuyishehuidezhuanbian,quelileshehuizhuyijibenzhidu;zhongguogongchandangrenjichenglesunzhongshanzhenxingzhonghuadelixiang,yabovipledaguimoshehuizhuyijianshe,jinxinglegaigekaifangxindeweidageming,zhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyequdelejudachengjiu,zhonghuaminzuweidafuxingzhanxianchuguangmingqianjing。(5fen)

      37. jiehecailiaohuidawenti:

      “xinnianbuqianjiunianzhang,jinshengbuqianlaishengzhai”,zheishisundonglinhegegesunshuilindegongtongzhunze。1989nian,sundonglinyugegesunshuilinyitongzujianqijianzhuduiwu,kaishizaibeijing、henandengdichengjiejianzhugongchenghezhuangshigongcheng。cihoude20nianzhong,wulunyudaoshenmezhuangkuang,sundonglincongweituoqianguogongrendegongzi。youshigongchengkuanbunengjishinadao,tasichujieqian,yeyaojianchijianggongzifafang。tashuo,“chengxin,shiweirenzhidao,yeshilizuzhiben。” 2010nian2yue9ri,zaitianjinchengbaojianzhugongchengdesunshuilin,weiqiangzaichunjieqianganhuiwuhanjixianqifanxiangdenongmingongfafanggongzi,bugulutuyaoyuan、tianqielie,lianyeganluqianlisongxin。buliao,2yue10rilingchenzaoyuchehuo,yijiawukoubuxingyunan。dezhiehao,sundonglinbeitongbuyi。weiletigegewanchengyiyuan,tadaishanggegecheshangde26wanyuanqian,lianxuquche15xiaoshi,fanxiangdaixiongweinongmingongfafanggongzi。liangtianweiheyandesundonglinliuzheleiyanganhuijiazhong,helaorenshangyijueding,xiantigegewanchengyiyuan,nianqianfawangongqianzaibansangshi。tazijidianshang6wanyihou,haicha1wanduoyuan。zheigeshihou,tamendelaomuqinnazhe1wankuaixianjinjiaodaoerzishoushang。zheikeshilaorenjiadeyanglaoqianya! suihou,sunjialijiranggongyouhuxiangtongzhishangmenlingqian。fagongzideshihou,sundonglinhegongyoumenzhaobudaozhangdan,doushipingzheyiben“liangxinzhang”,gongyoumenshuoduoshao,sundonglinjiujiduoshao。layueershijiuwanshang,33.6wanyuangongqianquanbufawan,jingyugegeyunanqiangeliangshuoguodeshuexiangchawuji。69mingnazhegongqiandegongyouduisundonglinshuo: “mingnianwomengennijiezhegan”。 (1)jiyu“xinyixiongdi”zheigeshili,zenyanglijiechengxinjiqidaodeliliang?(6fen) (2)zaifalvguanxizhong,weishenmeyeyaojianshouchengxin?(4fen)

      【daanyaodian】

    yaboVip  (1)chengxinzaidaodetixizhongjuyouzhongyaodediwei,shidaodedegenben,renwuxinbuli。chengshishouxinshigongmindaodejianshedezhongdian,yeshizhiyedaodedejibenyaoqiu。(2fen)

      “xinyixiongdi”zheijianshi,gandongrenmendeshisunjiahegongyougongtongbiaoxianchulaidechengxinweibendemeide。gegeshichengxinweishengming,didishengsijieli,muqinxinyiweixian,gongyouchengxinxiangdai,tixiandedoushirenmenyixinweibendeyouliangpinde。zheiyixinyizhijutixianlechengxinmeidedeningjuliheyingxiangli。(4fen)

      (2)chengshixinyongshiminfadeyixiangjibenyuanze,shichangjingjishijiangjiuxinyongdejingji,shichangjingjiyuefada,duichengshishouxindeyaoqiujiuyuegao。(2fen)

      zaiminshifalvguanxizhong,minshizhutibixinshouhetong,yifaxingshiquanli,lvxingyiwu。sunjiasuirancanzaobuxing,rengranqieshilvxingleanshifafanggongqiandechengnuo,zheizhengshifalvjingshendetixian。(2fen)

    yaboVip  38. yueduxialiecailiaocailiao1

      niuyuemanhadundeshibaoguangchang,beichengwei“shijiedeshizilukou”。zaihujintaozhuxi2011nianfangmeiqianxi,cong1yue17riqi,yimolianglide“zhongguohong”zaizheilimingyanzhanfang——shoudouzhongguoguojiaxingxiangpian《renwupian》zaishibaoguangchangdedapingmushangchixugundongbofang,lurenfenfenzhuzuguankan。 zaizheiduanshizhang60miaodexuanchuanpianzhong,bujinyouyuanlongping、yangliwei、yaomingdenggelingyujiechudaibiao,haiyou“lunyitianshi”jinjing、“kangzhenxiaoyingxiong”linhao、“yibeizizaixianxue”deguomingyidenggandongzhongguodeputongbaixing。tamendoumiandaiweixiao,shensezixin,yujingmozhijianchuandizhezhongguodeshengyin。 lishifanhuidao1904nian5yuedeyitian,zaiyijiayinxingdewaiqiang,tiechuleshibaoguangchangshangdediyizhangguanggao。100duonianlai,zheiliguanggaodemeiyicibianhuanshuaxin,douzhanshizheshidaidebiaoqing。keshizaizheidangzhong,xianyouzhongguorendemiankongheshenying。bainiancangsang,zhongyiweixiaodingge,laidao“shijiedeshizilukou”,zhongguorenzixin、pinghe、youhao。 zhaibianzi renminwang(weibo)(2011nian1yue20ri)

      cailiao2

    yaboVip  zuowei《renwupian》dejiemeipian,yibushizhang17fenzhongdezhongguoguojiaxingxiangpian《jiaodupian》zi2011nian2yue3riqijiangluxuzaiyazhou、oumeidengdideduojiadianshitaibochu。《jiaodupian》fenwei“kaifangeryouzixin”、“fazhanernenggongxiang”deng8gebufen,xiangshijiezhanxianleyigegengfengfu、duoyuandezhongguo,qizhong70%yishangdehuamianchengxiandedoushizhongguoputonglaobaixingdeshenghuo。zhideyitideshi,tameiyouhuibizhongguomuqiancunzaideyixiewenti,nongmingongjiqijiashudeshengcunxianzhuangzaipianzhongduocichuxian。zheibuguojiaxingxiangpiankansiyixie“shijuesuipian”,dannenggourangshirencongzhongduchuyigebijiaozhenshi、xianhuodedangdaizhongguo。

    yaboVip  zhaibianzi xinhuawang(2011nian2yue2ri)

      cailiao3

    yaboVip  cong2009nian“zhongguozhizao shijiehezuo”deguanggaopian,dao2011niandeguojiaxingxiangxuanchuanpian《renwupian》he《jiaodupian》,rucijizhongdixiangxifangzhanshizhongguoguojiaxingxianghaishidiyici。youpinglunrenwei,zheijibuduanpianzhanshilezhongguorenmindeqinlaozhihuihejingshenfengmao,meigerendexiaorongdouneimeyangguang,rangrenyouranershengdaozhongguokankandeyuanwang;haiyourenrenwei,zheishi“zhongguoguojixingxianggongguan”deyouyicizhudongchuji,yuquzixindezhongguozhudongxiangshijiezhanshiziji,zhongguokaishiburu“guojiagongguanshidai”;yeyoubaodaoshuo,zhongguodexuanchuanpianshizhongguoguojialingdaorenchufangzhiqiande“shengdapaidui”,zhanshilezhongguoderuanshili。 zhaibianzi renminwang(2011nian1yue20ri) (1)fenxi“zhongguokaishiburu‘guojiagongguanshidai’”deyuanyin。(4fen) (2)guojiaxingxiangxuanchuanduitishengzhongguoruanshiliyouhezuoyong?(4fen) 【daanyaodian】

      (1)jingjiquanqiuhuashenrufazhan,zhongguoyushijiedelianxiriyijinmi。suizhezhongguojingjishilidetisheng,guojiyingxiangliriyiguangfan,danxifangyixieguojiaheminzhongzhangqiyilaiduizhongguoquefalejie,xincunyilvhewujie,shenzhigenshendigudepianjian。zhiyouzhudongrongrushijie,jiaqianggoutong、zengjinlejie,jianlihuxin,cainengxiaochuwujie,rangshijielejieyigequanmianzhenshidezhongguo。(4fen)

    yaboVip  (2)ruanshilibaokuozhengfuxiaoneng、guojiaheminzudeneijuli、zhengcemubiaodehelixing、daodexiangxinli、dutewenhuajiazhideng。(1fen)

      通过创新对外宣传方式方法,yaboVip多渠道多形式多层次对外文化交流,增强中考研秘籍网yaboVip化的感召力和影响力,增进国际社会对我国基本国情、价值观念、发展道路、内外政策的了解和认识,展示我国文明、民主、开放、进步的形象,特别是我国改革开放的崭新形象和人民昂扬向上的精神风貌。(3 分)

      (zhu: ruguokaoshengjiehedangdeshiqijieliuzhongquanhuitongguode《zhonggongzhongyangyabovipshenhuawenhuatizhigaige,tuidongshehuizhuyiwenhuadafazhandafanrongruoganzhongdawentidejueding》zuoda,yanzhiyouli,zhuoqingjifen。)

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