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华南农业大学2011年攻读硕士学位研究生入学考试试题:2011年政治考研真题试卷
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kaoshishijian: 3xiaoshi manfen100fen (ji mi)

huanannongyedaxue2011niangongdushuoshixueweiyanjiushengruxuekaoshishitia

kaoshikemu: zhengzhi

yongtizhuanye: gezhuanye

(kaoshengzhuyi: quanbudaanbixuxiezaidajuanzhishang,xiezaishitishangwuxiao。daanyaozhumingtihao,buyongchaoti。dajuanzhifengmianxu

tianxiezijidekaoshengbianhaoyushitiyibingjiaohui。)

yi、danxiangxuanzeti: (1~16xiaoti,meixiaoti1fen,gong16fen。xialiemeitijichudesigexuanxiangzhong,zhiyouyixiangshizuifu

hetimuyaoqiude。)

1.makesizhuyixingchengdezhongyaobiaozhishi( )

a.《deyizhiyishixingtai》dechuban b.《zibenlun》dechuban

c.《fandulinlun》dechuban d.《gongchandangxuanyan》degongkaifabiao 

2.“zhiyouyinlecainengjiqirendeyinlegan;duiyumeiyouyinlegandeerduoshuolai,zuimeideyinleyehaowuyiyi”。zheibiaoming:

( )

a.renderenshishizhutiyuketixianghuzuoyongdeguochenghejieguo

b.rendeganjuenenglijuedingrenshidechanshenghefazhan

c.renderenshinenglishiyourendeshenglijiegoujuedingde

d.shiwuyinrendeganjueercunzai

3.jinnianlaimakeside《zibenlun》zaixifangdeyixieguojiaxiaoliangdazeng。lieningcengshuo,makeside《zibenlun》dechengjiuzhisuo

yirucizhida,shiyouyuzheibenshushiduzhekandaozhenggezibenzhuyishehuixingtaishigehuoshengshengdexingtai,jiyou“guge”,youyou

“xuerou”。renleishehuizuoweiyizhonghuodeyoujiti,qi“guge”xitongshizhi: ( )

a.dilihuanjing、renkouyinsuheshengchanfangshidengshehuiwuzhishenghuotiaojian

b.yuyidingdeshengchanlixiangshiyingdeshengchanguanxi

c.jianlizaiyidingjingjijichuzhishangdezhengzhifalvzhidujisheshi

d.youzhengzhifalvsixiang、daode、zongjiao、zhexuedenggouchengdeshehuiyishixingtai 

4.shangyezibenzuoweiyizhongdulidezhinengziben,yehuodepingjunlirun,qizhijieyuanyinshi: ( )

a.shangyebumenhechanyebumenzhijiandejingzhenghezibenzhuanyi

b.chanyezibenjiaweixiaoshoushangpinjiangbufenlirunrangdujishangyezibenjia

c.shangyezibenjiajiaqiangduishangyeguyuandeboxue

d.chanyebumenjianggongrenchuangzaodeyibufenshengyujiazhifengejishangyebumen

5.1957nian,maozedongzai《yabovipzhengquechulirenminneibumaodundewenti》zhongzhichu,zaiwoguo,gongrenjiejiyuminzuzichanjieji

demaodunshuyurenminneibudemaodun。ruguochulibudang,huibiancheng: ( )

a.duikangxingdediwomaodun b.feiduikangxingdediwomaodun

c.duikangxingderenminneibumaodun d.feiduikangxingderenminneibumaodun

6.yaoshixianwoguojingjifazhandezhanlvemubiao,bixujiakuaijingjizengzhangfangshidezhuanbian,qihexinshizhengquechulihao: ( )

a.jileiyuxiaofeideguanxi b.touruyuchanchudeguanxi

yema,1/8

2011-10-22

c.suduyuxiaoyideguanxi d.shuliangyuzhiliangdeguanxi

7.woguoshehuizhuyigaigeshiyichangxindegeming,qixingzhishi: ( )

a.jiefangshengchanli,fazhanshengchanli b.shehuizhuyijibenzhidudegenbenbiange

c.shehuizhuyizhidudeziwowanshanhefazhan d.jianlihewanshanshehuizhuyishichangjingjitizhi

8.kexuefazhanguandegenbenfangfashi: ( )

a.bafazhanzuoweidiyiyaoyi b.yirenweiben

c.tongchoujiangu d.quanmianxiediaofazhan

9.zhongguoxinminzhuzhuyigemingshiqidetongyizhanxianbaohanzhelianggelianmeng,qizhongjibende、zhuyaodelianmengshi: ( )

a.gongrenjiejitongchengshixiaozichanjiejidelianmeng

b.yigongnonglianmengweizhutidegongrenjiejitongnongmin、xiaozichanjiejidengqitalaodongrenmindelianmeng

c.yigongnonglianmengweizhutidegongrenjiejitongnongmin、xiaozichanjiejiheminzuzichanjiejidelianmeng

d.gongrenjiejitongkeyihezuodefeilaodongrenmindelianmeng

10.lieqiangbunengmiewangheguafenzhongguodezuigenbenyuanyinshi: ( )

a.diguozhuyilieqiangzhijiandemaodunhexianghuzhiyue

b.zhongguorenminjinxinglebuqubunaodefanqinlvedouzheng

c.diguozhuyilieqianggaibianleqinlvezhongguodecelve

d.xifanglieqiangkeguanshangmeiyoumiewangheguafenzhongguodetiaojian

11.youyiqunxiaopengyouzaiwaimianwan,erneigedifangyouliangtiaotiegui,yitiaohaizaishiyong,yitiaoyijingtingyong。zhiyouyigexiaopengyouxuan

zezaitingyongdetieguishangwan,qitadexiaopengyouquandouzairengzaishiyongdetieguishangwan。henbuqiaode,huochelaile(erqielisuodangrande

shangmianyouhenduoxiaohairengzaishiyongdetieguishangwanshua)。ernizhengzhanzaitieguideqiehuanqipang,yincininengranghuochezhuanwangtingyongdetie

gui。zheiyangdehua,nijiukeyijiuledaduoshudexiaopengyou;danshineimingzaitingyongtieguishangdexiaopengyoujiangbeixisheng。nihuizenmeban?

zheiyishishifanyingle( )

a.daodedeliangnan b.shehuizhuyidaodejiansheyaoyijitizhuyiweiyuanze

c.jitiliyigaoyugerenliyi d.jitiliyiyugerenliyinanyitongyi

12.makesizhongxuebiyeshijibiaoshiyao“weirenleifulierlaodong”,maozedongqingnianshiqibianlizhi“yitianxiaweijiren”,zhouen

laizainankaidushushijiujuexin“weizhonghuajueqierdushu”。zheichongfenbiaoxianlegeminglingxiuzhicungaoyuan,zainianqingshijiu( )

a.xingchenglezhengquederenshengmude b.wanchenglerenshengxiuyangdeguocheng

c.shixianlezijiderenshengjiazhi d.dadaolerenshengfendoudemubiao

13.congyerenyuan,wuluncongshishenmezhiye,douyinggaiganyixingaiyixing,aiyixingzuan—xing,jingyiqiujing,jinzhijinze,“yixin

qinlaodongweirong,yihaoyielaoweichi”。zheishizhiyedaodezhong( )

a.rongyudaodedeyaoqiu b.banshigongdaodeyaoqiu

c.aigangjingyedeyaoqiu d.chengshishouxindeyaoqiu

14.jiagongsiyuyigongsiyinyifenmaimaihetongdelvxingfashengjiufen,bingtiqisusong。zaisusongguochengzhong,jiagongsitigongleyiheneng

zhengminglianggongsimaimaihetongneirongdeluyindai,danfayuanrenweigailuyindaibushianfadingchengxushoujide,buyurendingweianjiandezheng

ju。zheitixianlesusongzhengjude( )

a.keguanxingtezheng b.guanlianxingtezheng c.helixingtezheng d.hefaxingtezheng

15.2010nian10yue15rizhonggongshiqijiewuzhongquanhuishenyitongguode“shierwu”guihuajianyiyinrenzhumudizhichu,zhiding“shier

wu”guihuadezhutishi: ( )

a.kexuefazhan b.zhelibaozhanghegaishanminsheng

c.quanmiantuijingelingyugaige d.jiakuaizhuanbianjingjifazhanfangshi

16.2010nian( ),shijiebolanhuizaishanghaishijuxing。bolanhuidezhutishi“chengshi,rangshenghuogengmeihao”

a.4yue1rizhi9yue31ri b.4yue1rizhi10yue31ri

c.5yue1rizhi9yue31ri d.5yue1rizhi10yue31ri

er、duoxiangxuanzeti(17~33ti,meixiaoti2fen,gong34fen。xialiemeitijichudesigexuanxiangzhong,zhishaoyouliangxiangshifuhetimu

yaoqiude。duoxuanhuoshaoxuanjunbudefen)

17.makesizhichu: zhexuebawuchanjiejidangzuozijidewuzhiwuqi;tongyangdi,wuchanjiejiyebazhexuedangzuozijidejingshenwu

qi。zheiyimingtijieshilemakesizhuyizhexuede( )。

yema,2/8

2011-10-22

a.gemingxing b.chouxiangxing c.keguanxing d.shijianxing

18.makesizhichu: “yigeshehuijishitansuodaobenshenyundongdeziranguilv,……tahaishijibunengtiaoguoyebunengyongfalingquxiao

zirandefazhanjieduan。danshitanengsuoduanhejianqingfenmiandetongku。”zheibiaoming: ( )

a.renleishehuidefazhanshiheguilvxingyuhemudexingdetongyi

b.shehuifazhanguochengyuziranjieyanbianguochengyiyangdoushizijuede

c.rendezijuexuanzezaishehuifazhanzhongjuyouzhongyaozuoyong

d.renleizongtilishijinchengshibukechaoyuede

19.moudixiangcungonglubianyouhenduoshiziyuan。jinqiushijienongmincaishizishi,zuihouzongyaozaishushangliuyixieshutoudeshizi。guonongmen

shuo,zheishiliujixiquedeshiwu。meidaodongtian,xiquedouzaiguoshushangzhuchaoguodong,daochuntianyebufeizou,zhengtianmangzhebuzhuoguoshushang

dechongzi,congerbaozhenglelainianshizidefengshou。congzheigeshilizhongwomenshoudaodeqishishi: ( )

a.shiwuzhijianyouqiguyoudekeguanlianxi

b.renmenkeyifaxianbingliyongguilvlaishixianzijidemude

c.renyuzirandeguanxishixianghuliyongdeguanxi

d.baochishengtaixitongdepinghengshirenleishengcunfazhandebiyaotiaojian

20.shangpindeshichangjiagefashengbianhua: ( )

a.yuhuobidejiazhiliangbianhuawuguan b.yushangpindejiazhiliangbianhuayouguan

c.yushangpindeshengchanjiagebianhuawuguan d.yushangpindegongqiubianhuayouguan

21.dangdeshiqidabaogaozhichu,shiyijiesanzhongquanhuiyilai,zhongguogongchandangjianchimakesizhuyisixiangluxian。buduantansuohehuida

dezhongdalilunheshijiwentishi( )

a.shenmeshishehuizhuyi、zenyangjiansheshehuizhuyi

b.shenmeshixiandaihua、zenyangjianshexiandaihua

c.jiansheshenmeyangdedang、zenyangjianshedang

d.shixianshenmeyangdefazhan、zenyangfazhan

22.zhongguogongchandangzailingdaozhongguogeming、jianshehegaigedezhangqishijianzhong,shixianlemakesizhuyitongzhongguoshijixiangjiehedeliangci

lishixingfeiyue,chanshengdeliangdalilunchengguoshi( )

a.maozedongsixiang b.dengxiaopinglilun

c.kexuefazhanguan d.zhongguoteseshehuizhuyililuntixi

23.weilebaochiwujiazongshuipingdewending,guojiashishihongguandiaokongkeyicaiqudehuobizhengceshouduanyou: ( )

a.diaozhengcundaikuanjizhunlilv b.diaozhengfadingcunkuanzhunbeijinlv

c.shishiwujiabutie d.diaozhengzaitiexianlv

24.weiwanshanshehuizhuyigerenshourufenpeizhidu,quelishengchanyaosuangongxiancanyufenpeishijiyu: ( )

a.gezhongshengchanyaosudounengchuangzaojiazhi b.yaosusuoyouquanguanxizaijingjishangdetixian

c.shichangjingjipeizhiziyuandeneizaiyaoqiu d.gezhongshengchanyaosudoujuyoujiazhi

25.woguozouxinxinggongyehuadaolubixudalituijinchanyejiegouyouhuashengji,xingchengxindechanyegeju,qizhuyaoneirongyou:

( )

a.yigaoxinjishuchanyeweixiandao b.yijichuchanyehezhizaoyeweizhicheng

c.dalifazhanlaodongmijixingchanye d.fuwuyequanmianfazhan

26.xinminzhuzhuyidewenhua,shiminzudekexuededazhongdewenhua。qizhong“minzude”shizhi: ( )

a.fanduiwailaidezibenzhuyiwenhua

b.fanduidiguozhuyiyapo,zhuzhangzhonghuaminzudezunyanheduli

c.zaixingshiheneirongshangyouzhongguozuofenghezhongguoqipai

d.weiquanminzu90%yishangdegongnongdazhongfuwu

27.zaiminzhugemingheshehuizhuyigemingdeguanxiwentishang,zhongguogongchandangneicengjingchuxianguobutongdeguandianhezhuzhang,qizhongcuowude

you: ( )

a.“biqigongyuyiyi” b.ercigeminglun

c.“wujianduangeming” d.zhongguogemingfen“liangbuzou”

28.1921nianzhongguogongchandangdechengli,shizhongguogeminglishishanghuashidaidelichengbei,zhongguogemingcongcihuanranyixin。congcizhongguoge

yema,3/8

2011-10-22

mingyoule: ( )

a.zhengquedegemingdaolu b.kexuedezhidaosixiang

c.jianqiangdelingdaoliliang d.zhanxindefendoumubiao

29.maozedongzhichu,xinhaigeming“youtashenglidedifang,yeyoutashibaidedifang。nimenkan,xinhaigemingbahuangdiganpao,zheibu

shishenglilema?”shuotashibaizhuyaoshi( )

a.xinhaigemingzhibayigehuangdiganpao

b.zhongguorengjiuzaidiguozhuyihefengjianzhuyideyapozhixia

c.fandifanfengjiandegemingrenwubingmeiyouwancheng

d.xinhaigemingmeiyoufanduidiguozhuyi

30.jishizaigerenduchu、wurenjiandushi,yeyaojianshouzijidedaodexinnian,duizijideyanxingxiaoxinjinshen,buzuorenhebudaode

deshi。zheishuodeshigerenzaijinxingziwoxiuyangshi,ying( )

a.xuexibangyang,jijijinqu b.gongxingshijian,zhixingtongyi

c.bimenzaoche,zuoerlundao d.jianchi“shendu”,chunjiepinzhi

31.yifazhiguoshidanglingdaorenminzhiliguojiadejibenfanglve,shixingyifazhiguojuyouzhongdaershenyuandeyiyi: ( )

a.yifazhiguoshifazhanshehuizhuyishichangjingjidekeguanyaoqiu

b.yifazhiguoshijiansheshehuizhuyiminzhuzhengzhidejibenbaozheng

c.yifazhiguoshishehuizhuyiwenmingjinbudezhongyaobiaozhi

d.yifazhiguoshiweihushehuiwending、guojiazhangzhijiuandezhongyaobaozhang

32.2010nian10yue15rizhonggongshiqijiewuzhongquanhuizhichujianchifazhanshiyingdaolidebenzhiyaoqiu,jiushijianchikexuefazhan,gengjiazhu

zhong: ( )

a.yirenweiben b.quanmianxiediaokechixufazhan

c.tongchoujiangu d.baozhanghegaijinminsheng,cujinshehuigongpingzhengyi

33.2009nian12yue7ri,danmaishoudougebenhagenshijieqihoudahuideyitishi: ( )

a.fadaguojiamingquezhongqijianpaimubiao

b.huajiefadaguojiayufazhanzhongguojiadefenqi

c.fazhanzhongguojianengfouziyuantichujianpaimubiao

d.mingqueduifazhanzhongguojiazijingongying

san、fenxiti: (34~38xiaoti,meixiaoti10fen,gong50fen。jiehesuoxuezhishiheyuanlifenxicailiaobinghuidawenti)

34、jiehecailiaohuidawenti:

kangyouweizai《datongshu》zhongtichuyaojianliyige“renrenxiangqin,renrenpingdeng,tianxiaweigong”delixiangshehui。makesienge

sizai《gongchandangxuanyan》zhongmingquetichu: “daitineicunzaizhejiejihejiejiduilidezichanjiejijiushehuide,jiangshizheiyangyigelian

heti,zaineili,meigerendeziyoufazhanshiyiqierendeziyoufazhandetiaojian。”

(1)makesiengesisuoshuode“ziyourenlianheti”shiyizhongshenmeshehuixingtai?tayounaxiezhuyaotezheng?

(2)“ziyourenlianheti”yugoujianshehuizhuyihexieshehuideguanxi。

(3)yongshehuifazhanyuyirenweibendeguanxiyuanli,pingxikangyouweitichudelixiangshehui。

35、jiehecailiaohuidawenti:

cailiao1

“xuduotongzhidexueximakesilieningzhuyisihubingbushiweilegemingshijiandexuyao,ershiweiledanchundexuexi。suoyisuiran

dule,danshixiaohuabule。zhihuipianmiandiyinyongmakesi、engesi、liening、sidalindegebieciju,erbuhuiyunyongtamendeli

chang、guandianhefangfa,laijutidiyanjiuzhongguodexianzhuanghezhongguodelishi,jutidifenxizhongguogemingwentihejiejuezhongguogemingwen

ti。zheizhongduidaimakesilieningzhuyidetaidushifeichangyouhaide,tebieshiduiyuzhongjiyishangdeganbu,haichugengda。”

——zhaizimaozedong《gaizaowomendexuexi》

cailiao2

yema,4/8

2011-10-22

jiefangsixiang,kaidongnaojin,shishiqiushi,tuanjieyizhixiangqiankan,shouxianshijiefangsixiang。zhiyousixiangjiefangle,womencainengzheng

quediyimaliezhuyi、maozedongsixiangweizhidao,jiejueguoquyiliudewenti,jiejuexinchuxiandeyixiliewenti,zhengquedigaigetongsheng

chanlixunsufazhanbuxiangshiyingdeshengchanguanxiheshangcengjianzhu,genjuwoguodeshijiqingkuang,quedingshixiansigexiandaihuadejutidaolu、

fangzhen、fangfahecuoshi。

——zhaizidengxiaoping《jiefangsixiang,shishiqiushi,tuanjieyizhixiangqiankan》

cailiao3

“lishigaosuwomen: zhonghuaminzuyaoziliyushijieminzuzhilin,bixufangyanquanqiu,yushijujin,jianchiziligengsheng,jianku

fendou,lijingtuzhi,buduanzengqiangzhongguodejingjishili、guofangshiliheminzuningjuli。zaidangjinshijiedejiliejingzhengmianqian,bujin

zetui。zhongguoyidingyaojianchiyongmakesilieningzhuyi、maozedongsixiangtebieshidengxiaopinglilunguanchashijiedashiheguojiamingyun,jianchi

congzhongguodeshijichufa,jiandingbuyidizouzijidelu,bashehuizhuyigaigeheshehuizhuyixiandaihuajianshejinxingdaodi,buduankaichuang

zhongguofazhanfanrongdexinjingjie。”

——zhaizijiangzeminzaishoudougejieqingzhuaomenhuiguidahuishangdejianghua

cailiao4

“gaojumaozedongsixiang、dengxiaopinglilun、‘sangedaibiao’zhongyaosixiangdeqizhi,buduankaichuangzhongguoteseshehuizhuyishiyexin

jumian,buduankaichuangmakesizhuyizaizhongguofazhandexinjingjie,zuizhongyaodeshishizhongjianchiguanchuanzheigekexuesixiangtixidehuodeling

hun,shizhongjianchimakesizhuyidelichang、guandianhefangfa,qijibenfangmianjiushijianchijiefangsixiang、shishiqiushi、yushijujin”。

——zhaizihujintaozaijinianmaozedongdanchen110zhounianzuotanhuishangdejianghua

jieheshangshulunshu,qinghuida:

(1)maozedongtongzhiduidangdesixiangluxiandezhuyaogongxianshishenme?

(2)fenxidengxiaopingtongzhitichujiefangsixiang、shishiqiushidezhongyaoyiyi?

(3)zaixindeshidaitiaojianxia,jiangzemintongzhiweishenmetichuyaoyushijujin?

(4)zenyanglijiehujintaotongzhisuoshuode“shizhongjianchiguanchuanzheigekexuesixiangtixidehuodelinghun”?

36、jiehecailiaohuidawenti:

cailiao1

1840nian,yingguofadongleqinlvezhongguodeyapianzhanzheng。yapianzhanzhengyiqingzhengfudeshibaiergaozhong。1842nian8yue29ri,qingzheng

fupaiqinchadachenqiying、yilibuzaitingboyunanjingzhangjiangjiangmiandeyingjian“kanghuali”haoshangyuyingguoqiandinglezhongguojindaishishangdiyi

gebupingdengtiaoyue《nanjingtiaoyue》。jiezhe,1843nianqiandinglezhongying《wukoutongshangzhangcheng》,1844nian7yueqiandinglezhongmei《wangsha

tiaoyue》,10yueqiandinglezhongfa《huangputiaoyue》。

cailiao2

zaizhongfazhanzhenghouqi,1885nian3yue,aiguojianglingfengzicaizhihuiqingjunzaizhongyuebianjingqianxiandabaifajun,qudezhennanguandajie

heliangshandajie,shifaguoqinlvezhechuyuneiwaijiaokundejingdi,rufeilineigehaiweicierkuatai。keshiqingzhengfudangquanzhequelizhubi

zhanqiuhe,jingyiciweihetanziben,jiajintuoxieqiuhehuodong,jieshoufaguotiaojian,qianding《zhongfaxinyue》,bingxialingqianxianqingjunting

zhanchebing。zhongfazhanzhengzuizhongyi“zhongguobubaierbai,faguobushengersheng”ergaojieshu。

cailiao3

zhongrijiawuzhanzhengshi,dangshimingyishangdeguojiayuanshoushiguangxuhuangdi,shijidezuigaotongzhizheshicixitaihou,erwaijiaohuodonghe

yema,5/8

2011-10-22

zhanzhengzhihuiquanzezhangwozaizhilizongdujianbeiyangdachenlihongzhangshouli。1894nian,qingtingweichoubancixitaihou60suishengriqingdian,

chuyaoqiugejiguanyuanjuannawai,haitiyonghubuxiangyinhebianfangjingfei,shenzhinuoyonghaijunjunfei。zhanzhengbaofahou,daxiaoguanyuankaolvde

toudengdashibushiruhedikangwaidi,ershijihuangtaihousongshenmeliwu。11yue7ricixitaihoushouchen,qiahaoshirijungongxiandalianzhi

ri。cixitaihouquezhaoyangzaigongzhongshengdianshouhe,dayanqunchen,hairanghuangdiyudachenmenpeizuotingxi3ri,buwenguoshi。zhihuizhanzheng

delihongzhangweilebaocunzijikongzhidebeiyanghaijunhehuaijundeshili,xiaojibizhan,jijiqiuhe。qingzhengfuhaixialingbuxujiejihezhi

yuantaiwanjunmindeyuxuekangzhan。zaizheizhongqingkuangxia,zhongrijiawuzhanzhengzuihouzhinengyizhongguodeshibaiergaozhong。

cailiao4

baguolianjunqinhuazhanzhengkaishiyihou,yicixitaihouweishoudeqingzhengfushoujiupaisuiranyiduxiangliyongyihetuandeliliangyulieqiangtao

jiahaijiajipaichiyiji,shijishangqueyizhizaibeihouqianzhi、pohuaiyihetuanhebufenqingjunguanbingyubaguolianjundezhandou。baguolianjun

qinzhanbeijinghou,cixidahoudaizheguangxuhuangdijiqinguidachenmenxitao。1900nian9yue17ri,tazaitaowangtuzhongfabuzhenyayihetuan

deshangyu,cheng“yihetuanshiweizhaohuozhiyou……feitongjiachanchubuke”;bingminglinggediwenwuguanyuanduiyihetuanyao“yanxingchaban,

wujinggenzhu”。tongshi,tayoupailihongzhangyuqingqinwangyixuxiangbaguolianjunqijiangqiuhe。cihou,qingjunbiangongkaiyubaguolianjungoujie

qilai,yitongtusha、zhenyayihetuantuanmin。yihetuanyundonghekangjibaguolianjundefanqinlvezhanzheng,jiushizheiyangbeizhongwaifandongpailian

hejiaoshade。

(1)genjucailiao1,ruhelijiediyiciyapianzhanzhengshizhongguojindaishideqidian?

(2)jiehecailiao1、2、3、4fenxijindaizhongguolicifanqinlvezhanzhengshibaideyuanyinshishenme?

37、jiehecailiaohuidawenti:

cailiao1

yigeshehuidejinbu,bujinbiaoxianzaiwuzhicaifudebuduanfengfushang,erqiebiaoxianzaijingshenshijiedebuduanchongshishang。qingniansuyou

“kaifengqizhixian”deguangrongchuantong,shiyinlingshehuifengshangdezhongyaoliliang。guangdaqingnianyaojinjinweiraojiansheshehuizhuyihexinjiazhiti

xi,jijicanyuhexiewenhuajianshe,weitigaoquanshehuidewenmingchengdufahuiyingyoudezuoyong。yifangmian,yaozijuechuanchengzhonghuaminzuchuan

tongmeide,zhuzhongxuexi,jijijianxing,shizhonghuawenhuadeyouxiuchuantongdaidaixiangchuan,shidangherenminzaizhangqifendouzhongxingchengdeguangrongchuan

tongxinhuoyongxu;lingyifangmian,yaojijichangdaoshehuiwenmingxinfeng,dalifayangtuanjiehuzhu、fupinjikun、pingdengyouai、chengxinhexie

deshehuifengshang,congwozuoqi,congxiaoshizuoqi,congshenbianzuoqi,zaiquanshehuidaitoujianxingshehuizhuyirongruguan,chongfenzhanxiandangdaiqing

niandelianghaojingshenfengmao。

——zhaizi2008nian6yue14rihujintao《zaitongtuanzhongyangxinyijielingdaobanzichengyuanhetuanshiliudabufendaibiaozuotanshidejiang

hua》

cailiao2

xuduorenzaitongyishengchanguochengzhong,huozaibutongdedanhuxianglianxideshengchanguochengzhong,youjihuadiyiqixietonglaodong,zheizhonglaodong

xingshijiaozuoxiezuo。yigeqibingliandejingonglilianghuoyigebubingtuandedikangliliang,yudangeqibingfensanzhankaidejingongliliangdezonghe

huodangebubingfensanzhankaidedikangliliangdezongheyoubenzhidechabie,tongyang,dangelaodongzhedeliliangdejixiezonghe,yuxuduorenshou

tongshigongtongwanchengtongyibukefengedecaozuosuofahuideshehuililiangyoubenzhidechabie。zaizheili,jiehelaodongdexiaoguoyaomeshigeren

laodonggenbenbukenengdadaode,yaomezhinengzaizhangdeduodeshijiannei,huozhezhinengzaihenxiaodeguimoshangdadao。zheilidewentibujinshi

tongguoxiezuotigaolegerenshengchanli,erqieshichuangzaoleyizhongshengchanli,zheizhongshengchanlibenshenbiranshijitili。qiebushuoyouyuxuduo

liliangrongheweiyigezongdeliliangerchanshengdexinliliang。

——zhaizimakesi《zibenlun》

cailiao3

wozaitanyigelundian,zheigegushibushiwobiande,shibeidaguanghuadeembataolunwodekechengdeshihoudefayan,guitusaipaonan

yema,6/8

2011-10-22

daojiusaiyicima?tuzizaibandaoshuijuele,suoyiwuguipaodiyile,womendeembadetongzhijiushuole,guitusaipaobushizaidiyi

cituzishuijuedeshihoujiuchenggongle,suoyidiercisaipaoshituziying,wuguijiubufule,zanmensaidisanciba,qianliangcishiyouni

tuzizhidingdeluxianpao,zheiciwolaizhiding。tuzixiangle,fanzhengwopaodekuai,jiupaoba。tuzipaodaozhongjiandeshihouyouyitiaohedang

zhule,danshiwuguiyouguolehe,disanciwuguijiupaodiyile。houlaiyoushuosaidisici,jieguoshuowomenganshenmeyaopaolaipaoqu,

womenxiezuoba,yushizailudishangtuzipao,zaiguohedeshihouwuguituozhetuziyou,zheijiujiaoshuangying。

——zhaizi(2003nian12yue9ri)liyining《zai“zhongguoyuwtoluntan”dejianghua》

cailiao4

renshizuimingfuqishidedongwu,bujinshiyizhonghequndedongwu,erqieshizhiyouzaishehuizhongcainengdulidedongwu。

——zhaizimakesi《〈zhengzhijingjixuepipan〉daoyan》

cailiao5

“jingjirenjiashe”deyuanzeshi“zhuguanweiziji,keguanweibieren”。shehuishangbucunzaichuncuidelitaxingwei,suoyougetidou

congzishenxiaoyongzuidahuafangmianxuanzexingweifangshi。anzhaotongchangdelijie,“jingjiren”sihushibujiangdaodederen。

zai“zhuguanweiziji,keguanweibieren”deyuanzezhidaoxia,getizhijianhuixingchenggongtongliyi。shengwujiepubiancunzaizheweiqunti

liyierxishengzishenliyidebenneng,henduoqingkuangxia,getizaicaiqulitaxingweishiyehuichanshengkuaigan。tongyang,ruguogeticaiquguo

yubudaodedexingwei,huichanshengtongku。yanjiufaxian,daodeganqiangderenxintailianghao,nengcujinrentineifenmigengduoyouyidewuzhi,

shenzhihuichuxianshenglibianhua,shirentichuyugenghaodezhuangtai,zengqiangjitidekangbingli,cujinrenmenjiankangzhangshou。erweifandaodederen

changchanghuichuxianjinzhang、kongju、neijiudengxintai,congeryinqishenjingxitongheneifenmixitongdewenluan,sunhaijitijiankang。yinci,jin

nianlaiguojishangchuxianle“daodejiankang”degainian。daodejiankangdebiaozhunshi: jiankangzhebuyisunhaitarendeliyilaimanzuzijidexu

yao,juyoubianbiezhenwei、shane、meichou、rongrudenengli,nenganzhaoshehuixingweideguifanzhunzelaiyueshujizhipeizijidesixianghexing

wei。

——zhaizi(2009nian5yue25ri)《zhongguojiaoyubao》,《“daode”deduobanbenjiedu》

(1)ruhechulihaogerenyutarendeguanxi?jiehecailiao1chanmingcujingerenyutarenguanxidehexieyingjianchishenmeyuanze。

(2)jiehecailiao2、3lunshuruhechulihaojingzhengyuhezuodeguanxi。

(3)renjiranshi“zhiyouzaishehuizhongcainengdulidedongwu”,neimeruhecujingerenyushehuidehexie?“zhuguanweiziji,

keguanweibieren”deguandianshifouzhengque?

38、jiehecailiaohuidawenti:

cailiao1

duojihuashizhiyizhongqushi,yigedongtaifazhanguocheng。duojihuaqushidechuxianzhuyaobaokuomei、sulianggechaojidaguoshilidexiangdui

shuailuoqushi,ouzhou、ribendexunsujueqitaishihezhongguo、disanshijieguojiaxingqideshangshengqushi,jutibiaoxianweixiou、ribensui

zhejingjishiliyumeiguodechajuzhubusuoxiao,zaizhengzhishangduimeiguodelixinqingxiangyezaibuduanjiaqiang;zhongguodeguojidiweibuduantigao

hedisanshijieguojiadefazhanzhuangdabingzouxianglianhe。

——zhaizicityindexfx.com 2007nian2yue5ri

cailiao2

zheichangzhanzhengzaicixiangquanshijiezhanshilemeiguodejunshiyoushihezongheguoli,jinyibugonggubingladaleqitaqiangguotongmeiguozheige

shijieweiyichaojidaguojiandeshilichaju。zheiyijieguowuyijianggengjiazhuzhangbushenzhengfuzhongyingpaidekuangwangqingxiang。meiguozhengfuzhongdeqiang

yingpaijianggengjiamixinwuliwanneng,gengjiabuzunzhonglianheguo,gengjiatingbujinmengyoudeyijian,gengjiabulihuitaguodeliyiheguojishe

huidehusheng。yucitongshi,bushenzhengfuzhongyibaoweierweidaibiaodewenjianpaidediweiyuyingxiangzeshibixiangduixiajiang。yinci,meiguozheng

yema,7/8

2011-10-22

fuzhongdedanbianzhuyiqingxiangjiangbiaoxiandebizhanqiangengjiatuchu。

——zhaizi《jinghuashibao》2003nian4yue23ri

(1)fenxidangjinshijiezhengzhigejuchuxiandexinqushijiqiyuanyin。

(2)lunshuzhengzhiduojihuadefazhanqianjing。

yema,8/8

2011-10-22

__

 

 

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