yaboVip

2003年法律硕士联考试题参考答案及解析
 
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刑法学部分

一、单项选择题(下列四个备选项中只有一个选项是正确的,请在答题卡上将正确的选项的字母涂黑。每题 1 分,共 10 分)

1.d  2.d  3.a

yaboVip4. xingfadi 49 tiaoguidingdeshishenpanshihuaiyundefunv,bushifanzuishihuaiyundefunv。a

yaboVip5.c  6.b  7.b

yaboVip8. zaiguaimaifunvdefanzuiguochengzhong,qiangjianbeiguaimaifunvde,dingguaimaifunvzui。d

9.zhijiekaochafatiao: 《xingfa》di 183 tiaoguiding: “baoxiangongsidegongzuorenyuanliyongzhiwushangdebianli,guyibianzaoweicengfashengdebaoxianshigu jinxingxujialipei,pianqubaoxianjinguizijisuoyoude,yizhaobenfadierbaiqishiyitiaodeguidingdingzuichufa。guoyoubaoxiangongsigongzuorenyuanheguoyoubaoxiangong siweipaidaofeiguoyoubaoxiangongsicongshigongwuderenyuanyouqiankuanxingweide,yizhaobenfadisanbaibashiertiao、disanbaibashisantiaodeguidingdingzuichufa。c

10.c

二、多项选择题(下列四个备选项中有二至四个选项是正确的,请在答题卡上将正确选项的字母涂黑、多选或少选不得分。每题 1 分,共 15 分)

11.abcd  12.ab  13.ac  14.abc

15.henduorenbumingbaishenmeshichuduandeyizui。qishihenjiandan,chuduandeyizuishizhishangshilianggeyishangduogezuiming,youlianggeyishangfanzuiguyineirong。 bcd shizhishangdoushiruci,dana xiangxiangjinghefanquebutong,shizhishangjiushiyigezui。

16.bc  17.bcd  18.abcd

yaboVip19. 《xingfa》di 77 tiaoguiding: “beixuangaohuanxingdefanzuifenzi,zaihuanxingkaoyanqixianneifanxinzuihuozhefaxianpanjuexuangaoyiqianhaiyouqitazuimei youpanjuede,yingdangchexiaohuanxing,duixinfandezuihuozhexinfaxiandezuizuochupanjue,baqianzuihehouzuisuopanchudexingfa,yizhaobenfadiliushijiutiaodeguiding , juedingzhixingdexingfa。abcd

20. 《xingfa》di 78 tiaoguiding: “beipanchuguanzhi、juyi、youqituxing、wuqituxingdefanzuifenzi,zaizhixingqijian,ruguorenzhenzunshoujiangui, jieshoujiaoyugaizao,queyouhuigaibiaoxiande,huozheyouligongbiaoxiande,keyijianxing…abcd

21. jubuzhixingpanjue、caidingzuihexinghuizuidezhutibubaokuodanwei ac

22.ab

yaboVip23. qinfandeketibutong。qiangduozuiqinfandeketishijiandanketi,jigongsicaichansuoyouquan。erqiangjiezuiqinfandeketishifuzaketi,jigongsicai chansuoyouquanhetarenderenshenquanli。acd

24. abcd  25.ac

 (责任编辑: 考研秘籍网)

三、不定项选择题(下列四个备选项中有一至四个选项是正确的,请在答题卡上将正确的选项的字母涂黑,多选或少选不得分。每题 1 分,共 15 分)

26.abcd

27.a shifanzuiyubei b shifanzuizhongzhi。cd

28.d yijingzheshoufanzui。abc

29.abcd  30.c

31.a shizuidianxingdelianxufan,jilianxusharen

32.《xingfa》di 50 tiaoguiding: “panchusixinghuanqizhixingde,zaisixinghuanqizhixingqijian,ruguomeiyouguyifanzui,ernianqimanyihou,jianweiwu qituxing;ruguoqueyouzhongdaligongbiaoxian,ernianqimanyihou,jianweishiwunianyishangershinianyixiayouqituxing;ruguoguyifanzui,chazhengshushide,youzui gaorenminfayuanhezhun,zhixingsixing。d

yaboVip33.《xingfa》di 81 tiaodi 2 kuanguiding: “duileifanyijiyinsharen、baozha、qiangjie、qiangjian、bangjiadengbaolixingfanzuibeipanchushinianyishangyouqitu xing、wuqituxingdefanzuifenzi,budejiashi。cifatiaochangkao。ab

34.《xingfa》di 88 tiaodi 1 kuanguiding: “zairenminjianchayuan、gonganjiguan、guojiaanquanjiguanlianzhenchahuozhezairenminfayuanshoulianjianyihou, taobizhenchahuozheshenpande,bushouzhuisuqixiandexianzhi。d

35.d  36.bd  37.ad

yaboVip38.《xingfa》di 191 tiaoguiding: “mingzhishidupinfanzui、kongbuhuodongfanzui、heishehuixingzhideyabovipfanzui、zousifanzuideweifasuodejiqichan shengdeshouyi,weiyanshi、yinmanqilaiyuanhexingzhi,youxialiexingweizhiyide,meishoushishiyishangfanzuideweifasuodejiqichanshengdeshouyi,chuwunianyixiayou qituxinghuozhejuyi,bingchuhuozhedanchuxiqianshuebaifenzhiwuyishangbaifenzhiershiyixiafajin;qingjieyanzhongde,chuwunianyishangshinianyixiayouqituxing,bingchuxiqianshuebaifenzhiwuyishangbaifenzhiershiyixiafajin: (yi)tigongzijinzhanghude;(er)xiezhujiangcaichanzhuanhuanweixianjinhuozhejinrongpiaojude;(san) tongguozhuanzhanghuozheqitajiesuanfangshixiezhuzijinzhuanyide;(si)xiezhujiangzijinhuiwangjingwaide;(wu)yiqitafangfayanshi、yinmanfanzuideweifasuodejiqi shouyidexingzhihelaiyuande。danweifanqiankuanzuide,duidanweipanchufajin,bingduiqizhijiefuzedezhuguanrenyuanheqitazhijiezerenrenyuan,chuwunianyixiayou qituxinghuozhejuyi。abcd

yaboVip39.《xingfa》di 356 tiaoguiding: “yinzousi、fanmai、yunshu、zhizao、feifachiyoudupinzuibeipanguoxing,youfanbenjieguidingzhizuide,congzhongchufa。”zheishixingfaduidupinzaifanzhidudeguiding。ab

40.abc

四、简答题(将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上,每题 5 分,共 10 分)

yaboVip41.(yi)zhengdangfangwei,shizhiweileshiguojia、gonggongliyi、benrenhuozhetarenderenshen、caichanheqitaquanlimianshouzhengzaijinxingdebufaqinhai,caiqudezhizaizhizhibufaqinhaierduibufaqinhairenzaochengweimingxianchaoguobiyaoxiandusunhaidexingwei。

(er)zhengdangfangweidechenglitiaojian zhengdangfangweichenglibixujubeixialietiaojian:

1.qiyintiaojian。(1)bixuyoubufaqinhaicunzai。(2)bufaqinhaibingfeijinxianyufanzuixingwei。bufaqinhaidefanwei,yinggaibaokuoweifaxingweihefanzui xingwei。(3)bufaqinhaibixushixianshicunzaide。zhiyubufaqinhaidechengdu,tongchangxianyujuyoubaolixing、pohuaixing、jinpoxingdebufaqinhaixingwei。(4) bufaqinhaitongchangyingshirensuoshishide。xiangfangwei。duiyujiaxiangfangwei,yingshixingweizhuguanshangyouwuguoshieryuyibutongdechuli。

2.shijiantiaojian。zhengdangfangweideshijiantiaojian,shizhizhengdangfangweizhinengzaibufaqinhaizhengzaijinxingzhishishixing,bunengshixingshiqianfangweiheshihoufangwei。 suoweibufaqinhaizhengzaijinxing,shizhibufaqinhaiyijingkaishi,shangweijieshu。

3.duixiangtiaojian。zhengdangfangweideduixiangtiaojian,shizhizhengdangfangweizhinengzhenduibufaqinhaizhebenrenshixing,bunengjiyudisanzhe。zhiyubufaqinhaizheshi foudadaofadingxingshizerennianling、shifoujuyouxingshizerennengli,bingbuyingxiangzhengdangfangweidechengli。

4.zhuguantiaojian。zhengdangfangweidezhuguantiaojian,shizhifangweirenzhuguanshangbixuchuyuzhengdangfangweidemude,jishiweileguojia、gonggongliyi、benrenhuozhe tarenderenshen、caichanheqitaquanlimianshoubufaqinhai。bushichuyushangshumude,bunengchenglizhengdangfangwei。

yaboVip5.xiandutiaojian。zhengdangfangweidexiandutiaojian,shizhizhengdangfangweibunengmingxianchaoguobiyaoxianduqiezaochengzhongdasunhai。shifoumingxianchaoguobiyaoxiandubingzao chengzhongdasunhai,shiqubiefangweidehefayufeifa、zhengdangyuguodangdeyigebiaozhi。

6.wuguodangfangweiquan。woguoxingfadi 20 tiaodi 3 kuanguiding,duizhengzaijinxingxingxiong、sharen、qiangjie、qiangjian、bangjiayijiqitayanzhongweijirenshenan quandebaolifanzui,caiqufangweixingwei,zaochengbufaqinhairenshangwangde,bushuyufangweiguodang,bufuxingshizeren。

42.(yi)shuzuibingfadegainian shuzuibingfa,shiduiyixingweirensuofanshuzuihebingchufadezhidu。woguoxingfazhongdeshuzuibingfa,shizhirenminfayuanduiyixingweirenzaifadingshijianjiexianneisuofanshuzuifenbiedingzuiliangxinghou,anzhaofadingdebingfayuanzejixingqijisuanfangfajuedingqiyingzhixingdexingfadezhidu。

(er)shuzuibingfadetedian genjuwoguoxingfadeguiding,woguoxingfazhongshuzuibingfadetedian,keyigaikuoweiyixiasandian:

yaboVip1.bixuyixingweirenfanyoushuzui。ciweishiyongshuzuibingfadeshishiqianti。suoweishuzui,shizhishizhishangdeshuzuihuodulideshuzui,qibixujunxiyi xingweirensuowei。

2.yixingweirensuofandeshuzuibixufashengyufadingdeshijianjiexianzhinei。woguoxingfayixingfazhixingwanbiyiqiansuofanshuzuizuoweishiyongbingfadezuihoushi jianjiexian,tongshiduiyuzaibutongdexingshifalvguanxifazhanjieduanneisuoshishihuofaxiandeshuzui,caiyongbujinyizhidebingfafangfa,zheishiwoguoxingfazhongzuize xingxiangshiying、chengfayujiaoyuxiangjieheyuanzeheyouguanxingshizhengce,zaixingfashiyongzhiduzhongdejutitixian。

yaboVip3.bixuzaiduishuzuifenbiedingzuiliangxingdejichushang,yizhaofadingdebingfayuanze、bingfafanweihebingfafangfa,juedingzhixingdexingfa。zheishishiyongshuzui bingfadechengxuguizeheshijicaozuozhunze。

 (责任编辑: 考研秘籍网)

五、法条分析题(将答案写在答题纸相应位置上,要求符合立法原意和刑法理论。5 分)

yaboVip43.(yi)bentiaoshiyabovipbangjiazuizuizhuanghefadingxingdeguiding。bangjiazuidezuizhuangshixumingzuizhuang。

yaboVip(er)bangjiazui,shizhiyilesuocaiwuweimudebangjiataren,huozhebangjiatarenzuoweirenzhi,huozheyilesuocaiwuweimudetoudaoyingyouerdexingwei。

yaboVip(san)bangjiazuidegouchengtezheng:

1.qinfanketishijiandanketi,weitarenderenshenquanli。

2.keguanfangmianbiaoxianweibangjiatarenhuozhetoudaoyingyouerdexingwei。suoweibangjia,shizhiyongbaoli、xiepo、mazuihuozheqitaqiangzhixingshouduanjiangtarenjie chi,zhiyuzijidekongzhizhixia。toudaoyingyouer,shizhicaiqubuweiyingyouerfumu、jianhuren、baomudengkanhurenzhixiaodemimifangshitoudaobuman1zhousui deyingerhuozhe1zhousuiyishang6zhousuiyixiadeyouerdexingwei。3.fanzuizhutishiziranren。danweibunengchengweigaizuidefanzuizhuti。 4.zhuguanfangmian shizhijieguyi,juyoutedingdefanzuimude,jiyilesuocaiwuhuozhejiechitarenzuoweirenzhiweimude。(si)bangjiazuidechufa1.bangjiazuide fadingliangxingfuduyouliangge。jibenfandeliangxingfuduwei 10 nianyishangyouqituxinghuozhewuqituxing,bingchufajinhuozhemeishoucaichan,cishiweixiangduiquedingde fadingxing。jiazhonggouchengdeliangxingfuduweichusixing,bingchumeishoucaichan,cishiweijueduiquedingdefadingxing。bangjiazuidecaichanxingdeshiyongfangshidoushibingchu。 2.zhishibeibangjiarensiwang,shizhiguoshizhibeibangjiarensiwanghuozhezhibeibangjiarenzisha。shahaibeibangjiaren,shizhiguyishasibeibangjiaren。fanbangjiazuiergu yishasibeibangjiarendeteshugouchengzhong,xingweirendexingweichujuyoubangjiazuidejibenfanzuigouchengwai,haijubeiguyisharenzuidejibenfanzuigouchengdequanbugou chengyaojian,suoyizheiyibangjiazuideteshufanzuigoucheng,shuyuyigefanzuidefanzuigouchengbaorongqitafanzuizhifanzuigouchengdeqingxing。

六、案例分析题(将答案写在答题纸相应的位置上。每题 10 分,共 20 分)

yaboVip44.(yi)wangmou、limou、zhangmoubugouchenggongtongfanzui。gongtongfanzuishiliangrenyishanggongtongguyifanzui,jixingweirendexingweibixushifanzuixingwei。 benanzhong,wangmou、limou、zhangmouyougongtongdaoqiedeguyi,danshiwangmoujinjinqiederenminbi 200 yuan,meiyoudadaoshuejiaodadebiaozhun(genjusifajieshi , daoqiezuideshuejiaodadebiaozhunshi 500 yuanzhi 2000 yuan),suoyibufuhedaoqiezuidegouchengyaojian,buchenglidaoqiezui。wangmou、limou、zhangmoudexingwei jinjinshiweifanzhianguanlifaguideyibanweifaxingwei。suoyi,wangmou、limou、zhangmoudexingweibushigongtongfanzuixingwei。

(er)wangmougouchengqiangjiezui。genjuwoguoxingfaguiding,fandaoqie、zhapian、qiangduozui,weiwozangzangwu、kangjuzhuabuhuozhehuimiezuizhengerdangchangshiyong baolihuozheyibaolixiangweixiede,yizhaoqiangjiezuidingzuichufa。xingweirenbixushishiledaoqie、zhapian、qiangduorenheyizhongfanzuixingwei,zheishishiyongbentiaode qianti。shishideshangliexingweisuiweidadaoshuejiaoda,danshi,ruguodangchangshiyongbaolihuozheyibaolixiangweixie,qingjieyanzhongde,rengkeyianzhaoqiangjiezuilun chu。benanzhongwangmouzaishishidaoqiedexingweisuiranmeiyougouchengfanzui,danqibaolixingweiqingjieyanzhong,suoyiyingdanganzhaoqiangjiezuidingzuichufa。genjuwoguoxing fadeguiding,qiangjiezhirenzhongshang、siwangdeyingdanganzhaoqiangjiezuidingzuichufa,bulingwaichengliqitazuiming。suoyi,wangmoujinjinchengliqiangjiezuiyizui。

45.(yi)limougouchengtanwuzui。tanwuzuishizhiguojiagongzuorenyuanliyongzhiwushangdebianli,qintun、qiequ、pianquhuozheyiqitashouduanfeifazhanyou gonggongcaiwudexingwei。benanzhonglimoushiguojiajiguanzhongcongshigongwuderenyuan,liyongzhiwudebianli,feifazhanyouqidanweisuoyoudegonggongcaiwu,shuejiaoda , dadao 3 wanyuan,fuhetanwuzuidegouchengyaojian,chenglitanwuzui。

(er)limoushuyutanwuzhongzhi。fanzuizhongzhishizhizaifanzuiguochengzhong,xingweirenzidongfangqifanzuihuozhezidongyouxiaodefangzhifanzuijieguodefasheng,yin ermeiyouwanchengfanzuidefanzuitingzhixingtai。benanzhonglimouqinzhanledanweidejiangquan,bixudaoyinxingduijianghouqifanzuixingweicaihuiwancheng。zaifanzuideguochengzhong , limouzidongdefangqifanzui,bingjiangjiangquanfanhaijidanwei,fuhefanzuizhongzhidetiaojian,gushuyutanwuzhongzhi。

(san)limouyouzishouqingjie。zishoushizhifanzuifenzifanzuihouzidongguianbingrushijiaodaizijifanzuixingweidexingwei。benanzhonglimouzaifantanwuzuizhi hou,zhudongdexiangyouguanqidanweilingdaotouan,bingqierushijiaodailezijitouhuanjiangquandeshishi,fuhezishoudechenglitiaojian。

(si)genjuwoguoxingfadeguiding,fanzuizhongzhide,ruguomeiyouzaochengsunhaide,yingdangmianchuchufa。fanzuifenzizishoude,keyicongqinghuozhejianqingchufa;fanzuijiaoqingde,keyimianchuchufa。suoyi,benanzhonglimoudexingweimeiyouzaochengsunhai,bingqieshuyufanzuijiaoqingdeqingxing,suoyiduiyulimouyingdangmianchuchufa。

 (责任编辑: 考研秘籍网)

 

民法学部分

一、判断题

46.b  47.b

yaboVip48.《zhonghuarenmingongheguohetongfa》disanshiertiaoguiding: "dangshirencaiyonghetongshuxingshidinglihetongde,zishuangfangdangshirenqianzihuogaizhangshihe tongchengli。 《zhonghuarenmingongheguowuquanfa》dierbaiershiliutiaodeguidingyijijinfene、guquanchuzhide,dangshirenyingdangdinglishumianhetong。yijijinfene、zhengquandengjijiesuanjigoudengjideguquanchuzhide,zhiquanzizhengquandengjijiesuanjigoubanlichuzhidengjishisheli;yiqitaguquanchuzhide,zhiquanzigongshangxingzhengguanlibumenbanlichuzhidengjishisheli。"guquanzhiyaxieyishiyihetongshuxingshidinglide,shuangfangdangshirenyijingqianzigaizhang,qiegaihetong bushuyufalv、xingzhengfaguiguidingyingdangbanlipizhun、dengjifangkeshengxiaodeqingxing。yincigenjushangshufalvguiding,hetongqianzihoujiuchenglibingshengxiao。zhuyi bunengjiangzhiquanchenglidengtongyuhetongchengli。yiwangdegenju《danbaofa》dejinxingxuanzeshicuode。a

yaboVip49.a  50.b  51.a  52.b  53.b  54.a  55.a

二、单项选择题

56.c  57.b  58.a  59.c  60.d  61.a  62.b

yaboVip63.《zhonghuarenmingongheguowuquanfa》dijiubudongchanwuquandesheli、biangeng、zhuanranghexiaomie,jingyifadengji,fashengxiaoli;weijingdengji,

yaboVipbufashengxiaoli,danfalvlingyouguidingdechuwai。  c

yaboVip64.b  65.d

三、不定项选择题

66.bc shijiguanfaren。ad

yaboVip67  genju《zhonghuarenmingongheguowuquanfadiyibailingliuwuchufenquanrenjiangbudongchanhuozhedongchanzhuanrangjishourangrende,suoyouquanrenyouzhuihui;chufalvlingyouguidingwai,fuhexialieqingxingde,shourangrenqudegaibudongchanhuozhedongchandesuoyouquan: (yi)shourangrenshouranggaibudongchanhuozhedongshishanyide;(er)yihelidejiagezhuanrang(san)zhuanrangdebudongchanhuozhedongchanyizhaofalvguidingyingdangdengjideyijingdengji,buxuyaodengjideyijingjiaofujishourangren。shourangrenyizhaoqiankuanguidingqudebudongchanhuozhedongchandesuoyouquande,yuansuoyouquanrenyouquanxiangwuchufenquanrenqingqiupeichangsunshi。kejianbudongchankeyishiyongshanyiqudezhidu。zaigenjudiyibailingqisuoyouquanrenhuozheqitaquanlirenyouquanzhuihuiyishiwu。gaiyishiwutongguozhuanrangbeitarenzhanyoude,quanlirenyouquanxiangchufenquanrenqingqiusunhaipeichang,huozhezizhidaohuozheyingdangzhidaoshourangrenzhiriqiernianneixiangshourangrenqingqiufanhaiyuanwu,danshourangrentongguopaimaihuozhexiangjuyoujingyingzigedejingyingzhegoudegaiyishiwude,quanlirenqingqiufanhaiyuanwushiyingdangzhifushourangrensuofudefeiyong。quanlirenxiangshourangrenzhifusuofufeiyonghou,youquanxiangwuchufenquanrenzhuichang。keyikanchuyishiwubushiyongshanyiqudezhidu a

68.genjuminfalilun,diyiquanyoucongshuxing,kekanzuocongwuquan。genju《wuquanfadiyibailiushisidiyiquanbudedanduzhuanrang。tudichengbaojingyingquan、jiansheyongdishiyongquandengzhuanrangde,diyiquanyibingzhuanrang,danhetonglingyouyuedingdechuwaiyekanchudiyiquandecongshuxing

yaboVip69.abc  70.ac  71.acd

yaboVip72.shangbiaozhuceshenqingzhinengjiuyileishangpintichuyigeshangbiaoshenqing,jiushishangbiaozhucededanyixingyuanze。bcd

73.xianzailiuxingdeshuofa,shenfenquanbaohanqinquan、qinshuquan、peiouquan。rongyuquanshirengequan。ad

74.abc

75.genju《minfatongze》di 122 tiaodeguiding,yinchanpinzhiliangbuhegezaochengtarencaichan、renshensunhaide,chanpinzhizaozhe、xiaoshouzheyingdangyifa chengdanminshizeren。yunshuzhe、cangchuzheduicifuyouzerende,chanpinzhizaozhe、xiaoshouzheyouquanyaoqiupeichangsunshi。bc

四、比较下列概念

76.(1)liangzheshigenjuminshifalvguanxideyiwuzhutidefanweijinxingdefenlei。

(2)jueduifalvguanxishizhizaiquanlirenzhiwai,yiqiebutedingrenjunweiyiwurendeminshifalvguanxi。

(3)xiangduifalvguanxishizhiyuquanlirenxiangduiyingdeyiwurenjuti、tedingdeminshifalvguanxi。

yaboVip(4)liangzhedequbieshi: diyi,shifouxuyaoyiwurenxiezhushixianquanlifangmianbutong。jueduifalvguanxizhongdequanlirenxingshiheshixianquanlibuxuyao yiwurendexiezhu;erxiangduifalvguanxizhongquanlirenshixianqiquanlibixuyoujutideyiwurendexiezhu。dier,yiwurensuochengdanyiwudexingzhibutong。jue duifalvguanxizhongyiwurensuochengdandeyiwubiaoxianweixiaojibuzuoweiyiwu;erhouzhebiaoxianweishishimouzhongjijidexingwei。

yaboVip77.xingjihetongshizhixingjirenyizijidemingyiweiweituorencongshimaoyihuodong,weituorenzhifubaochoudehetong。jujianhetongshijujianrenxiangweituorenbao gaodinglihetongjihuihuozhetigongdinglihetongdemeijiefuwu,weituorenzhifubaochoudehetong。liangzhedequbiezaiyu: (1)xingjihetongdemudeshiweilewei tuorendeliyiyouxingjirenyudisanrenjinxingmaoyihuodong;jujianhetongdemudeshicushiweituorenhedisanrenhetongdechengli。(2)xingjihetongzhongdexingji renshiyizijidemingyiyudisanrenjinxingminshifalvxingwei;jujianrenbuyizijimingyiyudisanrenweiminshilvxingwei。(3)jujianhetongdejujianrenkeyi tongshicongshuangfanghuodebaochou,dangaibaochoujuyoubuquedingxing,yiner,jujianrenbufuyouxiangweituorenbaogaojieguodeyiwu;erxingjihetongdexingjirenjinjincong weituorenchuqudebaochou,fuyouxiangweituorenbaogaoshiwuchulijieguobingjiangjieguoguishuyuweituorendeyiwu。

78.zhiwufamingshizhizhixingbendanweiderenwuhuozhezhuyaoliyongbendanweidewuzhijishutiaojianwanchengdefamingchuangzao。zhiwuzuopinshizhigongminweiwanchengfa renhuozhefeifarenyabovipjiaojidegongzuorenwusuochuangzaodezuopin。liangzhedequbiezaiyu: (1)zhiwufamingshuyuzhuanliquandeketi;zhiwuzuopinshuyuzhuzuoquandeketi。(2)zhiwufamingdezhuanlishenqingquanshuyufamingrenhuoshejirendesuozaidanwei;zhiwuzuopindezhuzuoquanyibanqingkuangxiaguizuozhexiangyou,zhiyou zaiteshuqingkuangxia,chuleshumingquanzhiwaideqitazhuzuoquancaiguidanweixiangyou。

 (责任编辑: 考研秘籍网)

五、辨析题

79.(1)gaishuofabuwanquanzhengque。(2)suoyouquanshisuoyourenyifaduiwujinxingzhanyou、shiyong、shouyihechufendequanli。zheitixianlequanlirendui biaodewujinxingquanmiandezhipei,juyouzhengtixing、danlixing、paitaxingyijiyongjiucunxuxing,shiwanquanwuquan。(3)suoyouquanbushidingxianwuquan。dingxianwu quanshiquanlirenduibiaodewudezhipeibeixiandingyumouyitedingfangmianhuomouyitedingqijiandewuquan,tashisuoyouquanzhiwaidegezhongwuquanxingtai。(4)suoyouquan zuoweiwanquanwuquan--feidingxianwuquanshizhengquede,danbingbuyiweizhesuoyouquanshiyizhongjueduide,bushourenhezhiyuedequanli。genjuminfajiqitaxiangguanfalv,fagui,jiyushehuigonggongliyi、guojiajianshe、xianglinguanxidengfangmiandexuyao,duisuoyouquandeneirongjinxingbiyaodexianzhi。ruxingshisuoyouquanbudewei fanfalvguiding、budesunhaitarenliyiheshehuigonggongliyi。

六、法条分析题

yaboVip80.(1)gaitiaoshiyabovipfutiaojianminshifalvxingweideguiding。

yaboVip(2)futiaojianminshifalvxingweishizhishuangfangdangshirenzaiminshifalvxingweizhongsheliyidingshiyouzuoweitiaojian,yigaitiaojiandechengjiuyufouzuoweijuedinggai minshifalvxingweixiaolichanshenghuozhejiechugenjudeminshifalvxingwei。

yaboVip(3)futiaojianfalvxingweishifalvweileshiyingshehuichengyuanzaishengchanhuoshenghuozhongdegezhongteshuxuyaoershelideyizhongteshudeminshifalvxingwei。

(4)futiaojianminshifalvxingweibenshenyuqitaminshifalvxingweiyiyang,shiyongminfatongzeyouguanminshifalvxingweidegexiangguiding,danqisuofutiaojian yingdangfuhexiangyingdefalvyaoqiu。jisuofutiaojianbixujuyouweilaixing、yidingxing、huoranxing、hefaxingyijitedingdemudexing。

(5)dangshirenbudeweilezijideliyibuzhengdangdizuzhihuozhecuchengtiaojianchengjiu,fouze,buzhengdangzuzhitiaojianchengjiude,shiweitiaojianyichengjiu;buzhengdangcuchengtiaojianchengjiude,shiweitiaojianbuchengjiu。

七、案例分析题

yaboVip81.benanshejideminshifalvguanxibaokuo: yishizhangshanyuliuzhuozhijianchengliwuyinguanliguanxi;ershidongwuzhirensunhaideqinquanpeichangguanxi。duiyushouhairendesunhai,yingdangyouliuzhuo、zhangshanchengdanqinquanzeren,qikangbianshiyoubuchengli。genju《minfatongze》deguiding,siyangdedongwuzaocheng

yaboViptarensunhaide,dongwusiyangrenhuozheguanlirenyingdangchengdanminshizeren。youyushouhairendeguocuozaochengsunhaide,dongwusiyangrenhuozheguanlirenbuchengdanminshizeren;youyudisanrendeguocuozaochengsunhaide,disanrenyingdangchengdanminshizeren。dongwuzhirensunhaiminshizerenshiyongwuguocuozerenyuanze,zhiyaojubeisi yangdedongwushangrendeshishi、sunhaishishidecunzai、dongwujiahaiyusunhaizhijianyouyinguoguanxidengsanxiangtiaojian,dongwudesuoyourenhuoguanlirenjiuyingdangchengdanze ren。liuzhuo、zhangshanzuoweidongwudesuoyourenheguanliren,yingdangduisunhaichengdanzeren。zhangshan、liuzhuoruguonenggouzhengmingsunhaishishouhairendeguocuohuozhedisanrendeguocuozaochengde,fangkemianze。

综合课

一、单项选择题(下列四个备选项中只有一个选项是正确的,请在答题卡上将正确选项的字母涂黑。每题 2 分,共 36 分)

1、b  2、a  3、d  4、d  5、c  6、a  7、d  8.a  9.c

10.d  11.c  12.c  13.d  14.d  15.b  16.c  17.c  18.d

二、多项选择题(下列四个备选项中有二至四个选项是正确的,请在答题卡上将正确选项的字母涂黑,多选或少选不得分。每题 2 分,共 16 分)

yaboVip19、abcd  20、ac  21、a、c  22、acd  23、acd  24、bcd

yaboVip25、xianfadishiyitiaodierkuan“guojiabaohugetijingji、siyingjingjidehefadequanliheliyi。guojiaduigetijingji、siyingjingjishixingyindao、jianduheguanli。”yijingbeixiugaiwei: “guojiabaohugetijingji、siyingjingjidengfeigongyouzhijingjidehefadequanliheliyi。guojiaguli、zhichiheyin daofeigongyouzhijingjidefazhan,bingduifeigongyouzhijingjiyifashixingjianduheguanli。” acd

26、abcd

 (责任编辑: 考研秘籍网)

三、判断题(判断下列各论断的正误,正确的将答题卡上的字母 A 涂黑,错误的将答题卡上的字母 B 涂黑。每题 1 分 ,共 23 分)

yaboVip27、b  28、b  29、a  30、b  31、b  32、a  33、b  34、b  35、b  36、b

37、shiqidianmeicuo,kexibushizhongdian。a

yaboVip38、a  39、b  40.a  41.b  42.b

43.b  44.b  45.b  46.b  47.a  48.a  49.a

四、简答题(将答案写在答题卡相应位置上。每题 10 分,共 20 分)

yaboVip50、falvzerenshizhiyinweifanlefadingyiwuhuozheqiyueyiwu,huozhebudangxingshifalvquanli、quanlisuochanshengde,youxingweirenchengdandebulihouguo。genjubutongdebiaozhun,keyiduifalvzerenjinxingbutongdefenlei。

(1)genjuweifaxingweisuoweifandefalvdexingzhi,keyibafalvzerenfenweigongfazerenhesifazeren。sifazerenzhuyaoshizhiminshizeren,gongfazerenzezhuyaoshizhixingzhengzeren、xingshizeren、susongzeren、guojiapeichangzerenheweixianzeren。

(2)genjuzhuguanguocuozaifalvzerenzhongdediwei,keyibafalvzerenfenweiguocuozeren、wuguocuozerenhegongpingzeren。guocuozerenshizhiyicun zaizhuguanguocuoweibiyaotiaojiandefalvzeren。wuguocuozerenshizhibuyizhuguanguocuodecunzaiweibiyaotiaojianerrendingdefalvzeren。gongpingzerenshizhifawu mingwenguidingshiyongwuguocuozeren,danshiyongguocuozerenyouxianshigongping,yinerbuyixingweirenyouguocuoweiqiantibingyoudangshirenhelifendandeyizhongteshudezeren。

yaboVip(3)genjuxingweizhutishishixingweishidemingfen,keyibafalvzerenfenweizhiwuzerenhegerenzeren。zhiwuzerenshizhixingweizhutiyigongwudeshenfenhuomingyicongshihuodongshi,yinweifasuoyinqidefalvzeren,tashiyougaixingweizhutisuoshudeyaboviplaichengdanzerende。gerenzerenshizhixingweizhutiyige rendeshenfenhuomingyicongshihuodongzhongweifasuoyinqidefalvzeren,tashiyougaixingweizhutigerenlaichengdanzeren。

yaboVip(4)genjuzerenchengdandeneirongbutong,keyifenweicaichanzerenhefeicaichanzeren。caichanzerenshizhiyicaichanweizerenneirongdefalvzeren。feicaichanzerenzeshizhibuyicaichanweizerenchengdanneirong,ershiyirenshen、xingwei、rengedengweizerenneirongdefalvzeren。

51.xuanjuquandepingdengxingshizhimeigexuanminzaimeicixuanjuzhongzhinengzaiyigedifangxiangyouyigetoupiaoquan,buchengrenyebuyunxurenhexuanminyinminzu、zhongzu、zhiye、caichanzhuangkuang、jiatingchushen、juzhuqixiandebutongerzaixuanjuzhongxiangyoutequan,gengbuyunxufeifaxianzhihuozheqishirenhexuanminduixuanjuquandexing shi。zheishi“gongminzaifalvmianqianyilvpingdeng”yuanzezaixuanjuzhiduzhongdejutitixian。

yaboVipzhongguoxianfaguidingdexuanjuquandepingdengxingbingbushizhijueduiyiyishangdepingdeng,tazheyanyushijiminzhu,congzhengzhi、jingjiyuwenhuafazhandeshijishuiping yukenengxingchufabuduantigaoxuanjuquandepingdengchengdu。zailijiexuanjuquanpingdengxingyuanzeshixuyaozhengquelijienongcunyuchengshidechaju,yijiduishaoshuminzuxuan juquandeteshuzhaoguwenti,zheixiejutiguidingshijiyuzhongguodeshijiqingkuangheteshudezhengcexuyao,suiranmeiyouwanquanjiejuexuanjuquanjiazhibupingdengdewenti,danbijingxiangshizhipingdengfazhanleyibu。

五、分析题(将答案写在答题纸相应位置上。每题 10 分,共 30 分)

yaboVip52、gaifaxuejiaoshideshuofashicuowude。zaiwoguoxianxingfalvzhiduzhong,falvqueshiyouguangxialiangcenghanyi。guangyidefalvyuxiayidefalv,bujinzaifanweidaxiaoshangyouqubie,erqiezaineironghexiaolidengjishangyeshicunzaiqubiede。guangyidefalvshizhibaokuoxianfa、xingzhengfaguizaineideyiqiejuyoufalv yueshulideguifanxingfalvwenjian,erxiayidefalvzhuanzhiyongyouguojialifaquandejiguan(quanguorendajiqichangwuweiyuanhui)yizhaolifachengxuzhidingdeguifan xingfalvwenjian。xiayidefalv,youyutadezhidingjiguanshiwoguodezuigaoquanlijiguan,yincishizhidingqitaguifanxingfalvwenjiandegenbenyiju,zaizhengge falvtixizhongyejuyouzuigaodefalvxiaoli。

yaboVip53.xianfazuizhuyao、zuihexindejiazhizaiyu,tashigongminquanlidebaozhangshu。lieningcengzhichu: xianfajiushiyizhangxiezherenminquanlidezhi。xianfayu gongminquanlizhijiancunzaizhejiweimiqiedelianxi。(1)conglishishangkan,xianfahuozhexianfaxingwenjianzuizaoshizichanjiejizaifanduifengjianzhuanzhizhidudedouzhengzhong , weilequerenqudedequanli,yigonggushenglichengguoerzhidingchulaide。(2)congxianfadejibenneironglaikan,jinguanzuoweiguojiagenbenfadexianfashejiguojiashenghuodegegefangmian,danqijibenneirongrengrankeyifenweiliangdakuai,jiguojiajiguanquanlidezhengquexingshihegongminquanlideyouxiaobaozhang。jiutamenzhijiandexianghuguanxilaishuo,gongminquanlideyouxiaobaozhangjuyuzhipeidiwei,yinci,zaiguojiafalvtixizhong,xianfabujinshixitongquanmianguidinggongminjibenquanlidefalv bumen,erqieqijibenchufadianjiuzaiyubaozhanggongmindequanliheziyou,yirenquanherendeziyouweibenwei。

wushulishiwenxianhelishishishizuyizhengming: xianfashizaizhengquheweihurenquanherendeziyoudedouzhengzhongyibuyibudishengzhangqilaide。1689 nianying guoguohuitongguode《quanlifaan》、1776 nianmeiguode《dulixuanyan》、1789 nianfaguode《renquanhegongminquanxuanyan》doubiaomingle,rendequanlishixianfa dechufadianheguisu,yingyirenweimude,xianfayurenhexingshidezhuanzhizhuyi、weiquanzhuyi、faxisizhuyidougegeburu。xianfabunengwushihejiantaren quan,bunengboduorendecaichanheziyou。shifouyirenquanherendeziyouweibenwei,shiqufenzhenjiaxianfadeshijinshi。

yaboViprenleijinruershishijiyilai,renquandeguannianhelilunqudelehendadefazhan,renquandeneirongyegengjiaguangfan,jibaokuoshengmingquan、ziyouquan(tebiebao kuosixiangziyou、yanlunziyou、zongjiaoziyou、jiesheziyou、renshenziyouheqiantuziyou),yebaokuominzhuquanli、shejifazhihesifaxingzhengdequanliyiji shehui、jingji、wenhuaquanli。keyishuo,“zunzhongrendezhutixinghegetixing,yirendequanliweichufadianheguisu,shijinxiandaixianfadezhendi。”

yaboVip54.( 1)shangshujiduanwenzidejibenhanyishi: daqinghuangditongzhidaqingdiguo,yongyuanweizhengtong,bingyongyuanweichenminzunzhongbingjiayiyonghu;huangdideshen shengzunyan,bunengqinfan;junzhuzailifa、xingzheng、sifadenggegefangmianyongyoujueduidequanli。zongzhi,xianfadagangyaogonggujunquan,tongshijianerbaohuchenmin dequanli。

(2)《qindingxianfadagang》shizhongguoxianzhengyundongdeqidian,yeshizhongguodiyigeyongle“xianfa”mingyidewenjian,tashizhongguofazhijindaihuaguochengde kaiduan,tongshiyebansuizhezhongguoxianzhengguannianqimengyundongdexingqi,yinci,gai“xianfa”wenjiandebanxingjuyouyidingdeyiyi。

(3)《qindingxianfadagang》wulunzaixingshishanghaishizaitiaowenneirongshang,doutixianle“daquantongyuchaoting,shuzhenggongzhuyulun”dejingshen。qituchute dianjiushihuangdizhuanquan,renminwuquan。congbenzhishangkan,《qindingxianfadagang》shiqingmotongzhizheweileweihuqiyaoyaoyuzhuidetongzhierwannongdezhengzhipianju。

《qindingxianfadagang》tongguojifengjianjunzhuzhuanzhizhidupishang“xianfa”dewaiyi,yifalvdexingshiquerenjunzhujueduiquanli,tixianleqingchaoguizuqituji xuweihuzhuanzhitongzhideyizhiheyuanwang。

(4)《qindingxianfadagang》dechulong,shijishangshiqingtingzaishoudaoguoneiwaiqiangdadeyalixiajinxingde,yincibukenengtixianminyi,yebukenengweihu chenmindequanli,xiangfanqueguidinglezhongduodeyiwu,suoyitabukenengwanjiuqingchaodetongzhi。

六、论述题(将答案写在答题纸相应位置上。25 分)

55、genjuxianfadeyouguanguiding,zaiwoguo,renmindaibiaodahuixingshilifaquanhejianduquan、xingzhengjiguanxingshixingzhengquan、shenpanjiguanxingshishenpanquan、jianchajiguanxingshijianchaquan。qizhong,shenpanquanyujianchaquanbeiwomentongchengweisifaquan。 sifaquanyuxingzhengquandoukeyibeikanzuoshi“zhixingquan”,yincirongyihunweiyitan,danshi,shishishang,liangzheshiliangzhongxingzhibutongdequanli。sifaquanshizhixinglifajiguanzhidingdefalvdeyizhongquanli,zhuyaoshizhishenpanquan,tashiguojiaquanlitixideyigezhongyaozuchengbufen。sifaquancongbenzhishangkan,shiyizhongpanduanquan;erxingzhengquancongbenzhishangkan,zeshiyizhongguanliquan。

sifadezhonglixingshisifaquanyuxingzhengquandeyigezhongyaoqubie。xingzhengquanzaimianlingezhongshehuimaodunshi,qitaidujuyouxianmingdeqingxiangxing,ersifaquan shifenqiangdiaozhonglixing。sifazhonglidezhuyaoneihanshizhifayuan、faguandetaidubuyingdangshoudaoqitayinsu,baokuozhengfu、zhengdang、meitidengdeyingxiang,zhishao zaijutigeandepanduanguochengzhong,buyingdangshoudaogezhongfeifalvyinsudezuoyou。xingzhengquanxianmingdeqingxiangxingwangwanglaiyuanyuzheiyangdeshishi: zhengfuzongshishifen guanxinzijidexingzhengmubiaohegongzuoxiaolv。xingzhengquandaibiaoguojia,juyouguanfangxing。ersifaquanwangwangshiquanlidebihuzhe,ruguotongyigejigouhuermangyu weihuguojialiyi,huermangyuweihushehuizhengyi,xianranhuijibuxiediao。zhiyouxingshipanduanquandejigouchiyizhongzhonglidetaidu,caikenengchanshenggongzheng、zhunquedepanduan。

sifazhonglixingdetixianbixujuyoutizhishangdebaozhang,yinci,woguoyouxuezhetichu,woguodesifazhiduyingdangjianlizaijiangtayuxingzhengzhiduzuoyange qufendejichushang。zhiyouzheiyangcainengniuzhuanwoguosifaquanyanzhongxingzhenghuadexianzhuang。sifaduliyusifazhonglijuyoubutongdehanyi,sifadulijiangdeshiji gou、quanlihediweidewenti,sifazhonglijiangdeshitaidu、qingxiangwenti。raner,liangzheyoushilianxizaiyiqide,ruguomeiyoudulidediwei,yebuhuijuyouzhonglidetaidu。suoyi,sifayingdangzairenshi、caizhengdengfangmianduliyuzhengfu,duliyulifajiguan。sifagongzhengyaoqiuyoudulidesifa,guanjianzaiyuyaoduliyuxingzheng。

(责任编辑: 考研秘籍网)

 

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